2. Categorical grants are federal grants that can be used only for specific purposes, or "categories," of state and local spending; they come with strings attached.
3. The conditions of aid are federal rules attached to the grants that states receive. States must agree to abide by these rules in order to receive the grants.
4. The commerce clause is the clause in the Constitution (Article 1, Section 8, Clause 1) that gives Congress the power to regulate all business activities that cross state lines or affect more than one state or other nations.
5. Concurrent powers are powers shared by the local, state, and federal governments.
6. Delegated powers are powers of the federal government that are specifically addressed in the Constitution.
7. The devolution revolution was the transfer of powers and responsibilities from the federal government to the states.
8. Dillon’s rule is the principle that city charters are to be narrowly interpreted.
9. Federalism is a form of government in which power is divided between the federal, or national, government and the states.
10. The Full Faith and Credit Clause is Article IV, Section 1 of the Constitution, which requires states to respect the "public acts, records, and judicial proceedings" of all the other states.
11. The cants-in-aid- system is when money is given by the national government to the states.
12. A mandate is a document giving an official instruction or command.
13.Supremacy clause is Article Vi of the Constitution, which makes the Constitution, national laws, and treaties supreme over state laws when the national government is acting within its constitutional limits.
14. The Necessary and Proper (elastic) clause is a constitutional clause that gives congress the power to make all laws in they deem