According to by means of
In place of
On account of
In addition to
In spite of
In front of
The squirrel ran _________ the trees.
The mouse ran _________ the cheese. Definitions and Examples
Compliment – a word or group of words that completes the meaning of the verb
Direct object – a word or group of words that receives the action of an action verb. It answers the question what or whom?
Transitive verb – verbs that take direct objects
Intransitive verb – when the person or thing doing the acting does not direct its action toward someone or something
Indirect Object – a word or group of word that tells to whom or for whom the action of the verb is being performed
EX: Tref showed the class an Easter egg. (showed what?) (to whom?)
Tref – Subject; showed – verb; the class – IO, an Easter egg – DO
Objective complement – a word or group of word that follows a direct object and renames or describes that object. Key verbs: appoint, call, choose, consider, elect, find, make, keep, name, think.
EX: I consider Matt Trefilek a swimmer.
Swimmer – OC (it renames the subject, Matt Trefilek.)
Subject compliment – a compliment that follows a linking verb and renames or describes the subject. They come after a form of the verb be.
Predicate Nominative – a word or group of words that follows a linking verb and names or identifies the subject of the sentence.
EX: Predicate noun – My favorite person is Tref.
Tref is the PN. PNs may be compound
Matt Trefilek was a physicist and a swimmer.
Predicate Adjective – an adjective that follows a linking verb and modifies the subject of the sentence.
EX: Matt Trefilek is nice and funny.
Phrase – a group of related words that does not have a subject and a predicate and that functions in a sentence as a single part of speech.
Prepositional phrase – a phrase that consists of a preposition, its object, and any modifiers of the object.
EX: Andrew Chang disappeared into the forest.
Adjective Phrase – a prepositional phrase that modifies a noun or a pronoun
EX: Chang saved the baby in the forest. (“in the forest” clarifies which baby)
Adverb phrase – a prepositional phrase that functions as an adverb
EX: Mrs. Yurkew graded our papers at Starbucks. (graded them where?)
Appositive – a noun or pronoun that usually follows another noun or pronoun and identifies or explains it
EX: Valedictorian Ben Belford did the morning