# Essay on Graphics: Harshad Number and Int Width

Submitted By Splurgey
Words: 601
Pages: 3

Graphics class -- defined in java.awt (abstract windowing toolkit) package
-It is used to draw shapes, lines, and strings.

Paint method in JApplet public void paint(Graphics page)
{

}
The paint method is invoked automatically whenever the graphic elements of the applet need to be painted to the screen.

Coordinate Systems
Cartesian coordinate system

Graphic system
(0,0)

x = 30
(x,y)

y=28

y
(x,y) = (30,28)
(0,0)

x

Some methods of the Graphics class: void drawRect(int x, int y, int width, int height) – paints a rectangle with upper left cornet (x,y) and dimensions width and height. void fillRect(int x, int y, int width, int height) – same as drawRect, but with inside filled with a foreground color. void drawOval(int x, int y, int width, int height) – paints an oval bounded by the rectangle with an upper left cornet of (x,y) and dimensions width and height. void fillOval(int x, int y, int width, int height) – same as drawOval, but with inside filled with a foreground color. void drawLine(int x1, int y1, int x2, int y2) – paints a line from point (x1,y1) and point (x2,y2). void drawString(String str, int x, int y) – paints the character string at point (x,y), extending to the right. void drawArc(int x, int y, int width, int height, int startAngle, int arcAngle) – paints an arc along the oval bounded by the rectangle defined by x, y width, and height. The arc starts at startAngle and extends for a distance defined by arcAngle (positive – counter clockwise). void fillArc(int x, int y, int width, int height, int startAngle, int arcAngle) – same as drawArc, but with inside filled with a foreground color. void setColor(Color color) – sets this graphics content’s foreground color to the specified color.
Color getColor() – returns this graphics content’s foreground color.

Drawing a rectangle: page.drawRect (50, 20, 100, 40);

50

X

20
40

100

Y

Drawing an oval: page.drawOval (175, 20, 50, 80);

175

X

20

80

bounding rectangle Y

50

Drawing a line: page.drawLine (10, 20, 150, 45); or page.drawLine (150, 45, 10, 20);

10

20

45

Y

150

X

Drawing an arc: page.drawArc (175, 20, 50, 80, 30, 90);
Arc is drawn

175

X

20

Arc angle
Start angle

90
30

bounding rectangle Y

50

80

//********************************************************************
// Einstein.java
// Demonstrates a basic applet.
//********************************************************************
import javax.swing.JApplet; import java.awt.Graphics; public class Einstein extends JApplet
{
//----------------------------------------------------------------// Draws a quotation by Albert Einstein among some shapes.
//----------------------------------------------------------------public void paint (Graphics page)
{
page.drawRect (50, 50,