Battle for World Domination: Zeus vs. Osiris The Ancient Egyptians and the Ancient Greeks both lived near the majestic island of Crete. The ancient Greeks lived to the north of the island in Europe, and the Egyptians lived to the south in Africa. Other than location, these ancient powers had other similarities and differences. Some of the similarities and differences can be categorized in 5 categories: food, shelter, religion, government and weapons. While only about 1000 miles apart, these highly complex civilizations each had definite cultural characteristics. Food is part of every civilization from the first humans all the way to the last humans that will meander the earth. The Greeks had religion in mind whenever they ate. Gods, according to the Greeks did not have to eat, but because people did, the gods had to bless the food, specifically the meat if it was not killed in the wild. The Greek god Dionysus, god of wine, supplied the Greeks with wine, and while the people drank, they felt they drank part of Dionysus himself. According the article “Food in Ancient Greece”, the majority of the food the Greeks ate was bread with olive oil served with wine. Cheese was expensive, but when the people could obtain it, they were very happy. (Food) Vegetables were an essential part of their meals (Gaifyllia) and the Greeks lived on the sea, so seafood was an important part of their diets. In contrast to the Greeks, the Egyptians did not have the same views about food. The Egyptians preferred fruits because of their ability to grow in their fertile land around the Nile. Meat eaten in Egypt was not usually from sea; the meat came from cattle for the rich and sheep or goat for the lower class. The drink in Egypt was primarily beer made from barley, and if the family was rich, wine was an option. (Fayed) The Greeks and Egyptians both had plenty of food available because of where they lived. While the Greeks had wine for everyone most of time, the Egyptians only had wine for the rich. This showed social class distinction in the ancient Egyptian culture. Meat in Greece was not as common as in Egypt. According to Fayed, the tough Egyptian bread was damaging for the teeth of the people while the bread in Greece was very popular, so much so that the bread is still prepared similarly in the current times. The differences in varieties of food show a difference in cultural relevance of food. Egyptians viewed food as a way to stay alive and the rich had the pleasure of better flavors in their food. On the other hand, the Greeks believed food was very important and every one had very healthy meals full of food groups. Food cannot be eaten in the rain outside; people need shelter. Shelter is a part of every civilization and is one of the only parts that survives time in most cases. Greek housing was designed to stay cool in the summer and keep heat in in the winter. One house design was built like one of the halves of Upper Dublin High School. There were rooms surrounding a courtyard. Each house was built with two stories, the second story was mostly used for sleeping (Ancient Greece). The building block of choice for the Egyptians was brick. The more wealth someone had, the more layers of bricks their house had. The rich had houses similar to the Greeks with a courtyard in the middle. (Egyptians) The Greeks built houses that were designed for social gatherings—even those who were in the slightly lower class (not the lowest class). The Egyptians on the other hand, had more eccentric homes for the rich and the most pathetic homes for the poor. The Egyptians did not have all the materials to build complex houses as easily as the Greeks could. The process and tools for building shelters allowed some of the most amazing architecture in history: the pyramids in Egypt and the Coliseum in Greece. Within every home there was belief and religion. The Greeks and the Egyptians both were polytheistic, but each had very different gods. The Greeks…
Early Dynastic- Egypt is first unified (upper/lower egypt)
Unification of Egypt is represented in the: Palette of King Narmer, ca. 3000 BC
Makeup palette used for eye liner (coal: sticky consistency).
Goddess Hathor- Mother Goddess (two large heads on the top of the palette)
False door- ability for spirits to enter
Narmer has no shoes- may represent his passing and going into the spiritual world. Narmer’s crown (headdress) represents Upper Egypt.
message of the whole…
Civilization along the Nile: Egypt
- Egypt= " the gift of the Nile "
- major crop= cotton
- Nile flows South to North and empties into the Mediterranean Sea
- 150 years ago= John Spekes found the source of the Nile which is Lake Victoria in Uganda (lake was named after Queen Victoria)
- Reasons Why it was Difficult to Invade Egypt
1. to the east and west= Sahara Desert
2. the Nile River had six huge waterfalls that would be tough to get through
- Ancient Egypt= "Kemet" which means the land…
The pharaoh Khufu ruled Egypt at that time. It is believed that his brother, Hemienu play huge role in the building of the pyramid. His was Pharaoh Khufu’s right hand man and “overseer of all construction projects of the king”.
The problem is the unanswered question of how was the pyramid built. A Greek historian Herodotus had the earliest recorded theory. He visited Egypt around 450 B.C. His believed that machines were used, what we know as cranes today. Then a Greek historian by the name…
name Arab Republic of Egypt
Independence 28 February 1922 (from UK)
National holiday: Revolution Day, 23 July (1952)
Geography: Climate: hot and dry most of the year.
Area 997,739 sq km - 385,229 sq mi (3% arable, 97% desert)
The Nile River: The longest river in the world - 6695 Km (4,187 miles)
It gets its name from the Greek word “Nelios” meaning River Valley. It flows through nine countries: the White Nile flows Uganda, Sudan and Egypt. The Blue Nile starts in…
Hoplite- Greek soliders—heavy armor—main tactic was the phalanx formation
Marathon- Athenian victory over Persians—they had no help from Sparta
Plato- strove to vindicate Socrates—worked in his academy—wrote series of dialogues such as symposium (the republic, elements of benign tyranny) ???
Cosmopolis- Long distance migration and trade (spread east to central asia)—cities (imporatation of greek officials and soliders---Alexandria)—wealth and poverty…
Sky god first king of universe)
• Emerges out of Chaos mother of all gods & people
• Mother of Earth
• Produces Pontus ( Greek word for Mediterranean sea)
• Produced Titans 6 sons& daughters name are Rhea and last child Cronos.
• Uranus Stuff all his children in Gaea womb, except Cronos given a sickle cuts off gentiles, fallen blood gets Gaea pregnant again.
• Greek believe Sperm & blood has close relations and blood contains vital energy.
• Out of Earth born 3 more kids Gigantes (snakes=…
The beginning of civilization itself was the most amazing event in earth’s history. It was a time where something that kind of looked like an ape started to think, more than any other creature up to that point, and until today. Its pretty incredible to think that these creatures banned together and started to create a unity that differs greatly than those that hunt in packs or sleep together. This was a unity that would grow to become known as civilization. What…
World Regional Geography
Tues & Thurs
Egypt, the Capital of Africa
Nationality is a character’s legal relationship between a person and state or country.
Typically, nationality protects the person by the state or country. Each nation differs from one
another. Countries have limited rights and guidelines to determine which of their residents will
be their nationals. Generally, you obtain a nationality by birth within a particular country, or by
inheritance from one or both parents…
Friday 10:50 am-1:30 pm
Professor: Anna Wagner
January 31st 2015
Egypt and its legacy
The Egyptian civilization emerged some time in the year 3500 BCE. Located along the Nile River, giving the Egyptian land growth and prosperity. The culture of Egypt was a major influence for many civilizations to come; many of them adopted their taste for art and architecture and their religious beliefs. From the Greek, the Romans and even now in modern days we continue to be influenced by their amazing…
Ancient Greek History
Why should one study the Ancient Greeks? There exist almost countless contributions that Greek culture has made to western society in the areas of art, literature, philosophy, drama, architecture and politics. Lasting visions of thought and inspiring intellect helped shaped today's western culture with notions of democracy and personal freedoms. Greek scientists made revolutionary discoveries in medicine, mathematics, physics, and astronomy. It was the Greeks who, through…