Battle for World Domination: Zeus vs. Osiris The Ancient Egyptians and the Ancient Greeks both lived near the majestic island of Crete. The ancient Greeks lived to the north of the island in Europe, and the Egyptians lived to the south in Africa. Other than location, these ancient powers had other similarities and differences. Some of the similarities and differences can be categorized in 5 categories: food, shelter, religion, government and weapons. While only about 1000 miles apart, these highly complex civilizations each had definite cultural characteristics. Food is part of every civilization from the first humans all the way to the last humans that will meander the earth. The Greeks had religion in mind whenever they ate. Gods, according to the Greeks did not have to eat, but because people did, the gods had to bless the food, specifically the meat if it was not killed in the wild. The Greek god Dionysus, god of wine, supplied the Greeks with wine, and while the people drank, they felt they drank part of Dionysus himself. According the article “Food in Ancient Greece”, the majority of the food the Greeks ate was bread with olive oil served with wine. Cheese was expensive, but when the people could obtain it, they were very happy. (Food) Vegetables were an essential part of their meals (Gaifyllia) and the Greeks lived on the sea, so seafood was an important part of their diets. In contrast to the Greeks, the Egyptians did not have the same views about food. The Egyptians preferred fruits because of their ability to grow in their fertile land around the Nile. Meat eaten in Egypt was not usually from sea; the meat came from cattle for the rich and sheep or goat for the lower class. The drink in Egypt was primarily beer made from barley, and if the family was rich, wine was an option. (Fayed) The Greeks and Egyptians both had plenty of food available because of where they lived. While the Greeks had wine for everyone most of time, the Egyptians only had wine for the rich. This showed social class distinction in the ancient Egyptian culture. Meat in Greece was not as common as in Egypt. According to Fayed, the tough Egyptian bread was damaging for the teeth of the people while the bread in Greece was very popular, so much so that the bread is still prepared similarly in the current times. The differences in varieties of food show a difference in cultural relevance of food. Egyptians viewed food as a way to stay alive and the rich had the pleasure of better flavors in their food. On the other hand, the Greeks believed food was very important and every one had very healthy meals full of food groups. Food cannot be eaten in the rain outside; people need shelter. Shelter is a part of every civilization and is one of the only parts that survives time in most cases. Greek housing was designed to stay cool in the summer and keep heat in in the winter. One house design was built like one of the halves of Upper Dublin High School. There were rooms surrounding a courtyard. Each house was built with two stories, the second story was mostly used for sleeping (Ancient Greece). The building block of choice for the Egyptians was brick. The more wealth someone had, the more layers of bricks their house had. The rich had houses similar to the Greeks with a courtyard in the middle. (Egyptians) The Greeks built houses that were designed for social gatherings—even those who were in the slightly lower class (not the lowest class). The Egyptians on the other hand, had more eccentric homes for the rich and the most pathetic homes for the poor. The Egyptians did not have all the materials to build complex houses as easily as the Greeks could. The process and tools for building shelters allowed some of the most amazing architecture in history: the pyramids in Egypt and the Coliseum in Greece. Within every home there was belief and religion. The Greeks and the Egyptians both were polytheistic, but each had very different gods. The Greeks
Great, he was a brilliant soldier and statesman who conquered the Greek world.
4. Alexander the Great： King of Macedon and conqueror of the Persian Empire, he spread Greek civilization to western Asia, Egypt, and India.
5. Alexandria: Thriving Hellenistic city in northern Egypt founded by Alexander the Great in 332 B.C.
6. Cleopatra: She was a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty, a family of Greek origin that ruled Egypt after Alexander the Great's death during the Hellenistic period…
helped lay the foundations for a New Greek world. Their actions and those of their successors spread Greek culture throughout much of the known world and created many lasting social and political changes. In this essay I will argue that Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic world that he created had many enduring impacts on the social, political, and cultural fabric of the Western world. Alexander the Great helped instill a new ideology which identified being Greek less with loyalty to an individual…
the cities in Asia Minor welcomed Alexander as their liberator. At a pass near Issus, in Cilicia, he met Darius (d. 330 B.C.) and destroyed him. Alexander occupied Damascus and then took Tyre (332). He then marched victoriously through Palestine. Egypt, weary of their subservience to the Persians, welcomed Alexander and there he founded Alexandria in 331. Alexander then set out to meet Darius again and near Arbela in 331, won another decisive victory, although Darius escaped. Babylon and Susa opened…
Isis, Osiris: Goddess of fertility, God of the underworld and judge of the dead.
Seth, Horus: God of dessert who killed Osirus, Protecter of Hierarchy and typically a falcon god of sun.
Amon-Ra: “Ra”, sun god and supreme god of the universe.
Ma’at: god of truth and justice.
Duat: Realm of Osiris.
Pharaoh: Ruler of ancient Egypt, sometimes a god.
Memphis: capital of old kingdom
Narmer: Ancient Pharaoh, first dynasty. Unifier of upper and lower Egypt.
Thebes: Greek name for…
Western Civ. 1
Around 3200 B.C., in ancient Egypt, life stemmed from the great Nile River. Without the river, Egypt could not have existed as an organized civilization. As the historian Herodotus said, “Egypt is solely the gift of the Nile.” We know this to be true because Egypt was mostly desert and the river bought much needed water to nurture plants that fed the pharaoh and his subjects. The Egyptian civilization contributed many things, mainly: Nubian gold, advancements in the art of war, a…
Article: BONAPARTE IN EGYPT (2): THE SCIENTIFIC EXPEDITION
Not everything Napoleon did was about the 20 years of Napoleonic Wars in European war and Africa…..
Napoleons Egyptian Campaign was also a Scientific Expedition
General Bonaparte left for Egypt at the end of spring in 1798, taking with him 50,000 men and eight hundred horses. This force included 160 scientists, engineers and artists whose task it was to study everything there was to find out about Egypt.
Naturalists and biologists…
the god of salt water. False
5. Tiamat was destroyed by Anu. False
6. Humankind was created with clay and the blood of Kingu. True
7. Holofernes was an Aakaadian general. False
8. Hathor’s symbol was a cow. True
9. Zoroastor was the Greek name for Zarathustra. True
10. Ahura Mazda was a Persian god. True
11. Ziggurats were Mesopotamian cigar smoking houses. False
12. Beer was way to preserve grain in Mesopotamia. True
13. Sargon the…
Hoplite- Greek soliders—heavy armor—main tactic was the phalanx formation
Marathon- Athenian victory over Persians—they had no help from Sparta
Plato- strove to vindicate Socrates—worked in his academy—wrote series of dialogues such as symposium (the republic, elements of benign tyranny) ???
Cosmopolis- Long distance migration and trade (spread east to central asia)—cities (imporatation of greek officials and soliders---Alexandria)—wealth and poverty…
remained a mystery for about 1,800 years. Then, during the French occupation of Egypt from 1798 to 1801, a group of French soldiers and engineers uncovered a large stone now known as the Rosetta Stone. This stone bore an ancient inscription containing the same text written three different ways—in hieroglyphs, in the demotic script, and in ancient Greek. The stone was taken to Europe, where scholars translated the ancient Greek and used the information to decipher the other two texts.
for what Persia has done to the land of Greece and the Eastern world.
Greek Victory |
Like the Trojan War, the Persian Wars were a defining moment in Greek history. The Athenians, who would dominate Greece culturally and politically through the fifth century BC and through part of the fourth, regarded the wars against Persia as their greatest and most characteristic moment. What are some of the major factors in the Greek victory over the Persian Empire?
Alexander the Great had several generals…