Antiquity is marked by great civilizations that seemed to pull off amazing feats that even today we can not figure out how they were done. Modern cities are full of luxuries that we think of as part of the modern era. This, however, is only true on some levels. Many of the technologies that we have and take for granted were invented in the times of the Greeks and Romans. Technologies such as running water, toilets, and even roads. These inventions helped to shape who we are today in the modern world and did just the same in the worlds of the ancient past. Unfortunately these amazing inventions were lost for thousands of years. To think of where the world would be today if computers had been invented over a thousand years ago. This is the track the Greeks and Romans were on. In Latin the word techni was what was used to describe the technology of the time.1 The definition, however, is different from what we think of as technology. This included a much wider array of areas that included medicine, rhetoric speakers, as well as arts and carpentry.2 Aristotle defined technology as “a productive habit” or creating something that previously would not have existed.3 The Athenians had such respect for their technological advancement that they attributed them to the gods and thought that before they had acquired all of their luxuries they lived like ants in dark caves.4 Their pride in who they were drove them to create cities that were of the most magnificent and advanced on the planet. First, the amount of land that the Greek and Roman empires covered was vast. They made it part of life to acquire new lands and incorporate that society into their own. This was driven by a need for more natural resources as populations grew and a simple drive for greater world dominance. One of the reasons that these warlike peoples were so successful was the technologies that they had to battle their opponents. Comparatively they were far more advanced and for the most part easily took over lands. It was recognized that these devices that could bring peace and prosperity could also bring damage. Plato stated “ even the greatest possessions are pointless if one does not know how to use them properly”.5 Major advancements in war technology took place primarily in the area of siege weapons. These are machines that are made to launch large stones or metal balls over long distances. The point of these were to break down walls of fortifications and cities. These were first seen in Greece in 400 BCE.6 Their machines were basically giant slingshots that had a massive wood frame that could take the tension and weight of the firing.7 As this new weapon developed it took on two distinct designs. The first was called the Catapultai.8 This design was more like a giant crossbow and used huge wooden spears that were tipped with a metal point.9 The other was called the Ballistae.10 This was a large arm that was attached to twisted ropes and it was stretched back and launched large rocks using the tension of the released arm.11 This machine was able to launch a 70 kg rock a distance of 350 m.12 This same design was borrowed by the Romans who later perfected it with their own unique design.13 This was called the Onager and it used the same arm system but instead of letting the arm rotate all the way to the ground they placed a barrier just before the projectile release point and it made a world of difference.14 They could now launch the same weight stone over 1000 m.15 This struck fear into enemies and it was regarded as the most dangerous weapon on the battlefield.16 The Greeks did not only make advancements in war technology on land, but also on sea. Ships at this point had gone through many changes as they had been used by many different civilizations. The Greeks, however, preferred to travel by water and naturally they had developed a method for fighting on water.17 The first type of ship that they developed was called the penteconter.18 These used two…
Mythology is the study of myths or a body or collection of myths and usually includes the worship or gods and goddesses. The Greeks religion was greatly based around mythology and they had many different gods and goddesses. Myths were endorsed by priests and rulers and were thought to be a true account of events that happened in the past. The gods and goddesses were very important in the idea of death and the afterlife. The ancient Greeks believed that when…
he Greeks: Influences on the US Government
Athens Greece: Roots of Democracy?
Four Forms of Government
Monarchy: Rule by a king
Oligarchy: Rule by a small group
Tyranny: Rule by a dictator
Democracy: Rule by the citizens, voting in an assembly
Two Types of Democracy
Direct Democracy (Greece): A government in which people vote to make their own
rules and laws
Representative Democracy (Rome): A government in which people vote for
representatives. The representatives make rules…
April 22, 2013
April 22, 2013
Understanding the Past
Focus Your Knowledge
1. Crete is one of the largest Greek islands, around 200km in length. This island attracts so many people because of its beautiful environment, including tall mountain ranges, tropical climates, and a generally pleasant and peaceful atmosphere. To the early settlers, Crete was the perfect land for vegetation,…
Competitive Advantages for Location
of a Greek Yogurt Production Facility
in the Greater Ogdensburg, NY Area
DCG Corplan Consulting LLC
Location and Development
Competitive Advantages for Location of a Greek Yogurt Production Facility
in the Greater Ogdensburg, NY Area
Table of Contents
Key Findings ............................................................................ 1
Aegis - Zeus and Athena's protective shield; modern group of insurance companies (The Aegis Group).
Ajax - Greek warrior in the Trojan War, who "cleaned up" in battle; popular household cleanser.
Amazon - Race of warrior women; amazon.com - huge on-line bookstore.
Apollo - God of music; Apollo Theater is a famous music hall in New York city.
Ares - Greek god of war; popular car model.
Argus - Giant watchman with a hundred eyes; Argus Security is a modern security company, specializing…
Archaeology mid Term
Archaeological Technologies/ Types
In chapter 8 of Fagan’s Archaeology book I found one of the most interesting topics that were discussed were about the technologies of the past and how we interpret them in the present. In the reading we learn about, 4 distinctive types of artifacts we first learn about the descriptive type which is mostly elementary descriptions, based solely on the form of the artic at physical or external properties…
During the Greek times, there were many gods and goddesses who brought
something towards life. Each god, and goddesses had a meaning to him or her such
as earth, love, wisdom, heaven, and war etc. The Greeks used gods, and goddesses
to answer questions about their universe. This would then explain many things as
to why things occurred , and why things did not occur. Some of the myths that
they used from the gods would answer questions like the “origin of natural events
Battle for World Domination: Zeus vs. Osiris
The Ancient Egyptians and the Ancient Greeks both lived near the majestic island of Crete. The ancient Greeks lived to the north of the island in Europe, and the Egyptians lived to the south in Africa. Other than location, these ancient powers had other similarities and differences. Some of the similarities and differences can be categorized in 5 categories: food, shelter, religion, government and weapons. While only about 1000 miles apart, these highly…
May 22, 2013
Topic: Benefits of Greek Life
General Purpose: To
Specific Purpose: To convince my public speaking class that there are many misconceptions about Greek Life, and that it's more beneficial than most people are aware of.
Central Purpose: To persuade the class that many people have misconceptions about Greek Life.
Attention Getter: Nothing is as it seems. Since 1825 this statement has been proven true since all but three United States Presidents…