Antiquity is marked by great civilizations that seemed to pull off amazing feats that even today we can not figure out how they were done. Modern cities are full of luxuries that we think of as part of the modern era. This, however, is only true on some levels. Many of the technologies that we have and take for granted were invented in the times of the Greeks and Romans. Technologies such as running water, toilets, and even roads. These inventions helped to shape who we are today in the modern world and did just the same in the worlds of the ancient past. Unfortunately these amazing inventions were lost for thousands of years. To think of where the world would be today if computers had been invented over a thousand years ago. This is the track the Greeks and Romans were on. In Latin the word techni was what was used to describe the technology of the time.1 The definition, however, is different from what we think of as technology. This included a much wider array of areas that included medicine, rhetoric speakers, as well as arts and carpentry.2 Aristotle defined technology as “a productive habit” or creating something that previously would not have existed.3 The Athenians had such respect for their technological advancement that they attributed them to the gods and thought that before they had acquired all of their luxuries they lived like ants in dark caves.4 Their pride in who they were drove them to create cities that were of the most magnificent and advanced on the planet. First, the amount of land that the Greek and Roman empires covered was vast. They made it part of life to acquire new lands and incorporate that society into their own. This was driven by a need for more natural resources as populations grew and a simple drive for greater world dominance. One of the reasons that these warlike peoples were so successful was the technologies that they had to battle their opponents. Comparatively they were far more advanced and for the most part easily took over lands. It was recognized that these devices that could bring peace and prosperity could also bring damage. Plato stated “ even the greatest possessions are pointless if one does not know how to use them properly”.5 Major advancements in war technology took place primarily in the area of siege weapons. These are machines that are made to launch large stones or metal balls over long distances. The point of these were to break down walls of fortifications and cities. These were first seen in Greece in 400 BCE.6 Their machines were basically giant slingshots that had a massive wood frame that could take the tension and weight of the firing.7 As this new weapon developed it took on two distinct designs. The first was called the Catapultai.8 This design was more like a giant crossbow and used huge wooden spears that were tipped with a metal point.9 The other was called the Ballistae.10 This was a large arm that was attached to twisted ropes and it was stretched back and launched large rocks using the tension of the released arm.11 This machine was able to launch a 70 kg rock a distance of 350 m.12 This same design was borrowed by the Romans who later perfected it with their own unique design.13 This was called the Onager and it used the same arm system but instead of letting the arm rotate all the way to the ground they placed a barrier just before the projectile release point and it made a world of difference.14 They could now launch the same weight stone over 1000 m.15 This struck fear into enemies and it was regarded as the most dangerous weapon on the battlefield.16 The Greeks did not only make advancements in war technology on land, but also on sea. Ships at this point had gone through many changes as they had been used by many different civilizations. The Greeks, however, preferred to travel by water and naturally they had developed a method for fighting on water.17 The first type of ship that they developed was called the penteconter.18 These used two…
Aegis - Zeus and Athena's protective shield; modern group of insurance companies (The Aegis Group).
Ajax - Greek warrior in the Trojan War, who "cleaned up" in battle; popular household cleanser.
Amazon - Race of warrior women; amazon.com - huge on-line bookstore.
Apollo - God of music; Apollo Theater is a famous music hall in New York city.
Ares - Greek god of war; popular car model.
Argus - Giant watchman with a hundred eyes; Argus Security is a modern security company, specializing…
The Greeks and the Persians are two major civilizations that arose in between Asia and Europe around 1000 BCE. Both groups grew in massive size and power ca. 500 BCE. Since the Greeks and the Persians were close to each other, it resulted in conflict and domination. Their conflict resulted first into an antagonism, then later on their lands became one under Alexander the Great. The relationship between the two civilizations changed constantly because of the strength of their rulers, the unity of…
used by the Greeks , which was introduce as the Greek weaponry for close range. As I stated before, the kopis is a heave sword/knife with a curving blade in order to cut a living flesh. This weapon shows an improvement from the cavalry sword. Throughout periods in history, there has been a new technology advances and improvement of weapons. Although, the sword represent one of the first improvements of the cavalry sword, it shows that weapon during warfare changed dramatically.
Before Greek civilizations…
Ancient Greek culture had major influences on today’s culture; some of these influences include mathematics, government, art and architecture; they even did research in the field of medicine. Many cultures and religions have adapted their ideas from the ancient Greeks. Without the influences of the ancient Greeks our society wouldn’t be the way it is today. The Greek culture lasted from around 776 BCE to 146 BCE (though it is argued to have begun around 1000 BCE), during this time they invented…
Archaeology mid Term
Archaeological Technologies/ Types
In chapter 8 of Fagan’s Archaeology book I found one of the most interesting topics that were discussed were about the technologies of the past and how we interpret them in the present. In the reading we learn about, 4 distinctive types of artifacts we first learn about the descriptive type which is mostly elementary descriptions, based solely on the form of the artic at physical or external properties…
the world stirred up progress in the scientific fields.
Scientists throughout Europe were under the influence of humanism which was spread with the
invention of the printing press and technology. Finally, humanism had a religious impact along
with the reformation, bringing religious principles to the West. New technology is presented and
drastically modifies the creation of cosmology for a good cause.
Crisis at the end of the middle ages including the One Hundred Years War, the plague,
and famines had…
decline/fall of the empires/kingdoms
The Greek civilization is one of the greatest and progressive civilizations than the other two civilizations. However, the concept of states and the authority provided to each state could not be maintained. Because of this reason, the once strong and untied Greek Empire fought between each other. The senators of Athens rose against the Warriors of Sparta and the conflict resulted in disability among the many departments of the Greek empire. The Romans conquered Macedonia…
Tigris and Euphrates. This agriculture revolution gave birth to a collection of independent city-states known as Mesopotamia.
E) Slavery was an important factor in the ancient Greek society. There was a countless amount of slaves throughout Greece for thousands of years. History says there may have been more slaves than free people. Its hard to imagine how hard the slaves worked, not only were they domestic servants, but also…
civilization between 100-600 CE, the late classical era, included the rise of Christianity and the division of the empire into two halves, while a continuity was the use of Latin and Greek as common languages.
The first change, Christianity spreading throughout the civilization, is shown in the development and spread of Greek Orthodox and Roman Catholic lifestyles. Constantine legalized Christianity in the fourth century AD, and soon after, Theodosius made it the empire’s official religion. All other…
Competitive Advantages for Location
of a Greek Yogurt Production Facility
in the Greater Ogdensburg, NY Area
DCG Corplan Consulting LLC
Location and Development
Competitive Advantages for Location of a Greek Yogurt Production Facility
in the Greater Ogdensburg, NY Area
Table of Contents
Key Findings ............................................................................ 1