Essay about Grice8 Chapter 01

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Pearson Education,
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Why Study Public Speaking?
• Personal Benefits
• Professional
Benefits
• Public Benefits

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Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Why Study Public Speaking?
• Personal benefits
– Acquire academic skills
– Gain knowledge
– Build self-confidence

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Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Why Study Public Speaking?
…continued

• Professional benefits
– Advance in your career
– Secure employment

• Public benefits
– Play your role as a member of society

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Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Definition of Communication
• The process of sharing meaning by sending and receiving symbolic cues
– Interpreter
– Symbol
– Referent

•People create meaning; words do not
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Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Levels of Communication






Intrapersonal
Interpersonal
Group
Public
Mass

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Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Levels of Communication
• Intrapersonal
– Cognition or thought; communicating with one’s self

• Interpersonal
– Communication between individuals in pairs; also called dyadic communication

• Group
– Three or more people interacting and hoping to influence one another to pursue a common goal
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Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Levels of Communication
…continued

• Public
– One person communicating face to face with an audience

• Mass
– One person or group communicating to a large audience through some print or electronic medium
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Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

7 Elements of Communication
• Speaker
– The sender, encoder, or source of the message
• Encoding
– The process of selecting symbols to carry a message

• Message
– Ideas communicated verbally and nonverbally

• Listener
– The receiver, or decoder, of the message
• Decoding
– The process of attaching meanings to symbols received
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Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

7 Elements of Communication
…continued

• Feedback
– Verbal and nonverbal responses between communicators about the clarity or acceptability of messages

• Channel
– The way a message is sent

• Environment
– The occasion, social context, and physical setting for communication
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Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

7 Elements of Communication
…continued

• Noise
– Anything that distracts from effective communication • Physical Noise
– Distractions originating in the physical environment

• Physiological Noise
– Distractions originating in the bodies of communicators • Psychological Noise
– Distractions originating in the thoughts of…