During the 17th century; the native Taino Amerindians inhabited the island of Hispaniola COLUMBUS discovered it in 1492 virtually annihilated by the Spanish settlers with in the 25 years. The French established a presence on Hispaniola. In 1697, it later became Haiti because of the Spain ceded in the French to the western third of the island. Based on forestry and sugar- related industries belong to the French Colony, they became one of the wealthiest with in the Caribbean because of the heavy importation of African slaves and considerable environmental degradation. During the late 18th century, there is nearly half million slaves revolted under the Toussaint L’OUVERTURE. In 1804 Haiti became the first black republic to declare independence after a prolong struggle. Through out the Western Hemisphere which was known as the poorest country, through out history Haiti has been plagued by political violence. After the armed rebellion led the forced resignation and exile of President Jean-Bertrand ARISTIDE in February 2004, the interim government took office to organize new elections under the auspices of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH). May 2006 Haiti finally did inaugurate a democratically elected president and parliament due to the continued violence and the technical delays prompted repeated the postponements.
Haiti is a Caribbean, one third western of the Hispaniola Island, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of the Dominican Republic. According to the Geographic coordinates it is 1900N, 7225 W. The map references are Central America and the Caribbean. Based on the Area the average total is 27,750sq km in the caparison to the country in the world is 154. The land is 27, 560 sq km and the water is 190 sq km. The area is slightly much smaller if you compare it to Maryland. The total average land boundaries are 360 km. The average border countries are the Dominican Republic 360 km. The average of the Coastline is 1,771km.
The Climate is a tropical; semiarid where the mountains in the east cuts off the trade winds. The terrain goes mostly through the rough mountainous. During the elevation extreme the lowest point of the Caribbean Sea 0m. In the highest point Chaine de la Sella 2,680 m. The natural resources are bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, and hydropower. The total of each land uses arable land 28.11%, permanent crops 11.53%, and other 60.36% (2005). In the total of the Irrigated land 920 sq km (2003). This is the total of the renewable water resources 14 cu km (2000). The total of the freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/ agricultural) this is the average total for all that is mention above 0,99cu km / (5% / 1%/94%). The population 9,035,536in comparison to the world is 89. The estimate of this country is explicitly accounted because of the effects and the excess of mortality due to AIDS; this is a result of lower expectancy, at higher infant mortality, a much higher death rate, a lower population growth rate, in changes to the world distribution of the population by age and sex than would other wise be expected ( July 2009 est.) The Age structure from 0-14years old at a 38.1 % with in the population here is the total of (male1,735,917/ female 1,704,383). In the average 15-64 years old at a 58.5% throughout the population the total of the average (male 2,621,059/ female 2,665,447) and the total average for the 55 years and over at 3.4% in the total of (male120,040/ female188,690) in the year of (2009 est.) The total is 20.2 years according to the Median age. The total of male is 19.8 years and the total of female is 20.7 years (2009 est.) The population growth rate is 1.838% (2009 est.)in comparison with the world which is 70.
According to Haiti the Birth rate is 29.1 births/1000 with in the population (2009 est.)in comparison of the world at 50. The Death Rate 10.5 deaths/ 1000 according…