"TO BE OR NOT TO BE SOLILOQUY" He tells himself that "Tis a consummation / Devoutly to be wished." (It is significant that he uses the word "devoutly," since this word has religious connotations.) Not only does he seem to be contemplating suicide, but, characteristically, he thinks about the matter in general terms as it applies to humanity as a whole.
HATRED OF CLAUDIU 'The bloat King' 'honeying and making love' to his mother 'in the rank sweat of an enseamed bed' 'over the nasty stye'
Hamlet indulges in] endless reasoning and hesitating—constant urgency and solicitation of the mind to act, and as constant an escape from action; ceaseless reproaches of himself for sloth and negligence, while the whole energy of his resolution evaporates in these reproaches. This, too, not from cowardice, for he is drawn as one of the bravest of his time—not from want of forethought or slowness of apprehension, for he sees through the very souls of those who surround him; but merely from that aversion to action which prevails among such as have a world in themselves.'
techniques antithesis: contrary ideas expressed in a balanced sentence
Example: "To be, or not to be, that is the question:" (opposite ideas of being or not being, living or dying, are expressed in this sentence).
alliteration: repetition of an initial consonant sound in two or more words of a phrase, line or sentence.
Example: "With a bare bodkin?" (the "b" sound beginning bare and bodkin).
allusion: the mention of a person, event or condition thought to be familiar (but sometimes actually obscure or unknown) to the reader.
Example: "The fair Ophelia.--Nymph, in thy orisons/Be all my sins remembered" (a nymph is a mythological entity, or mythological allusion).
soliloquy: a speech delivered by a character in a play while talking to themselves but "overheard" by the audience.
Example: Hamlet's entire "To be or not to be" speech is a soliloquy; it