It is evident that in writing “Hamlet”, Shakespeare, to some extent, adopted the dramatic tradition of Revenge tragedy. Revenge implies the wronged individual taking the law into his own hands in order to satisfy an inner passion though in civilized society, this function of punishing the wrong doer is entrusted to the government or the state. The motive of revenge is a primitive emotion to be found in natural man, though it is a dangerous emotion. Revenge proved a popular theme for dramatists for it enabled them to depicthuman passions, render rhetorical speeches, and present violent action. The dramatic valueof these fighters was great in the secular theatre. Early dramatists are as well as early audiences considered vengeance to be a pious duty laid on the next of kin; it was wild justice, but for drama to be satisfactory and successful.The old law claimed an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth, vengeance demanded boththe eyes, a jaw full of teeth, and above all, the victim should go straight to hell there toremain in everlasting torment. A perfect revenge required, therefore, a great artistry. Thetheme of earlier tragedies of revenge was the punishment of an evil doer through some onewho had suffered because of him.Revenge tragedy is especially associated with the name of Seneca, an ancient Romandramatist. All the ten tragedies written by him deal with incidents taken from Greek mythology. But, instead of exercising the restraint of classical Greek tragedy, Senecaproduced the tragic effect by horrifying incidents, bloody actions and ranting speeches. Therevenge theme was very popular during the Elizabethan age. The revenge theme deals withexciting plots which arouse the people’s emotional excitement. Such plots are found in therevenge tragedy, and they have an immediate appeal for the audience. Hence Shakespeare,in his play “Hamlet” adopted the dramatic tradition of the revenge tragedy. During theElizabethan era, the Greek and Latin classics were of much interest. Kyd’s “The SpanishTragedy” and Shakespeare’s own “Titus Andronicus” are the best examples of thedramatic use of this revenge theme in the early Elizabethan age.The chief features of the revenge tragedy are the following:1. It deals with crime, usually murder, with varying motives.2. The duty of vengeance is laid on the next of kin or near relative.3. Invariably, a ghost is involved, generally the ghost of the dead, which reveals the crimecommitted and lays upon the hero the duty of avenging the murder.4. The duty is accepted as something sacred.5. There is much blood- shed and crude physical horrors and when the murder is avenged,the avenger and all others closely concerned perish together in one gory ruin.6. The language is generally astounding and bombastic.Hamlet, no doubt confirms to the tradition of revenge play in the light of these points.Hamlet is enjoined by his father’s ghost with the duty of avenging his father’s death. Whenit finds him inactive, it appears again to whet his action and exhort to a speedy revenge, asit says:“Do not forget. This visitationIs but to whet thy almost blunted purpose.”He considers the entrusted work of the ghost as something sacred but he also thinks aboutthe action required of him. Hence he avenges the murder at the cost of his own life as wellas the lives of many others. Thus revenge becomes the central theme of “Hamlet” and thesupernatural element is fully exploited.The theme of revenge is extended beyond the main character. There are other revengesalso. Fortinbras wants to take revenge on Denmark, for the losses sustained by his father ina duel with Hamlet’s father. Laertes too seeks to avenge his father’s death and the insanityof his loving sister Ophelia. He succeeds in punishing the murderer at the cost of his ownlife. Hamlet wants to take revenge against Claudius, the murderer of his father, theusurper of his rights to the throne and the seducer of his mother. He too avenges the death
July 8th 2014
In the play Hamlet by William Shakespeare, women are known as representing utensil’s because they are always depended on men. Men very easily influence them and they never seem to defend themselves. King Hamlet was killed by a “snake bite”, which left Gertrude as a widowed queen. She was not able to function without a man by her side; she needed a man that was able to for fill her needs. Gertrude then married King Hamlets brother Claudius; therefore…
William Shakespeare was born in Stratford-upon-Avon in Warwickshire and was baptised a few days later on 26 April 1564. His father, John Shakespeare, was a glove maker and wool merchant and his mother, Mary Arden, was the daughter of a well-to-do landowner from Wilmcote, South Warwickshire. It is likely Shakespeare was educated at the local King Edward VI Grammar School in Stratford.
The next documented event in Shakespeare’s life is his marriage at the age of 18 to Anne Hathaway, the…
William Shakespeare was the greatest playwright the world has ever known! His talent with using the English language has never had any competition, not even today. With his wonderful talent he has produced thirty-seven plays. Although Shakespeare has died more than four hundred years ago he is still very famous around the world today.
William Shakespeare was born on April 23, 1564. He was born in Stratford-upon-Avon in England. The people of England still…
William Shakespeare Task 1
Stratford-upon-Avon, UK 1564 he was born
He was born in Stratford-upon-Avon in the year 1564.
April 23, 1616 he was 52 when he died
Shakespeare died on April 23rd, 1616 at the age of 52.
He lived in Stratford-upon-Avon for most of his life.
He had six siblings altogether, three sisters and three brothers.
Hamnet Shakespeare, Judith Quiney, Susanna Hall were his children.
He married Anne Hathaway In the year 1582
His parents were John Shakespeare and…
William Shakespeare was born on April 23, 1564, in Stratford-upon-Avon, England. The personal history of William Shakespeare is sort of a mystery. No birth records exist. Though there are church records which state that he was baptized on April 23, 1564. So historians consider this his official birth date. Stratford-upon-Avon was near London and at Shakespeare's time, was considered as a market town. It bisected with the River Avon (hence the name). He had 5 siblings; two older sisters and three…
English 12 (2)
30 November 2012
Language of a Soliloquy
William Shakespeare is a man with whom most of the world is well acquainted. His intelligence and wit allowed him to pioneer some of the most common literary techniques used today. Shakespeare used a common structure to each of his plays. The plays consisted of five acts. In the first act, Shakespeare would introduce the setting and direct the audience’s attention to the source of the dramatic tension. The second…
Hamlet: The Tragic Story of How Revenge Changes a Persons Sense of Humanity and Morality
Devon A. Lucero
Northwest Vista College
February 28, 2015
In Shakespeare’s Hamlet, the play follows the tragic stories of how characters cope and deal with death and the intense desire for revenge. Some acts are personal vendettas and others or done with methodical care and honor. Within the play itself, there are multiple scenarios that separate each characters and make…
and you make yourself another (William Shakespeare). Two faced people are known to act one way around certain people and then another way around others. They tend to present an appearance that is quite opposite in their real intention. Going against what god has given you often leads to death. In the play Hamlet by William Shakespeare, duplicity leads to downfall. Among the play Hamlet, there are many two-faced characters that all end up dying. Characters such as Hamlet, Claudius, Polonius, Rosencrantz…
need to exact revenge out of his hate” (Ralph Steadman). Hamlet, who recently lost his father who was murdered by Claudius, dedicates his life to revenge after the ghost of his father has told him of the treachery in Denmark. Through the play Hamlet struggles with completing his simple task of avenging his father’s death and murdering his uncle Claudius because Hamlet has to make sure the ghost was not a demon playing a trick upon him. Hamlet is branded mad by most of Denmark; most people believed…