Hampton Machine Tool Company, a machine tool manufacturer, was founded in 1915. Hampton's customers are military aircraft and automobile manufacturers in the St. Louis area. Machine Tool Company felt the boom in the 1960`s with record setting profits in the mid- to late- 1960`s. The company slowed down in the 1970`s economic recession caused by Vietnam War and the oil embargo. Hampton stabilized by the late 1970`s and now has a “strong working capital position”. The company also didn`t have a debt during 10 years until December 1978.
1. Why can`t a profitable company like Hampton repay its Bank Loan on time and why does it need more bank financing?
The excising $1 million loan was due September 30, 1979, but Mr. Cowins requested to renew it until the end of 1979. The main cause why Hampton can`t repay its Bank Loan on time is that the company made a stock repurchase, for which loan was taken. That was major cash expenditure for the company of $3 million ($1million of loan+ $2 million of excess cash) in December 1978; this was a main reason why company had a delay in repaying of the loan.
The president of the company, Mr. Cowins wishes to borrow an additional $350,000 “for planned equipment purchases in October”, they didn`t buy or renew an equipment since the economic recession. He also mentioned this loan in total $1,350,000 will be repaid at the end of December 1979.
2. What major developments between November 1978 and August 1979 contributed to this situation?
There were also developments that contributed to this situation. The company spent extra $420,000 on raw materials beyond company`s needs. Another one is that Hampton Company had a reduction in work because they were waiting for electronic control mechanisms to finish the orders. These developments lead to the decrease of Hampton`s cash in last months.
3. Cash Budget. (all numbers in thousands)
* October Collection of Receivables= $2163 (September sales)-$840 (Advance) = $1323.
* November Collection of Receivables= $1505 (October sales)-$726 (Advance) = $779.
* Interest payments to bank September, October = 1.5%*$1 million; November, December = 1.5%*$1.350 million.
* During those four months the company pays $600 for the raw material
* Other than interest and raw materials purchases are $400.
* October- purchase new equipment ($350)
* 2 times tax payments on September 15th and December 15th - $181.
Hampton Machine Tool Company |
| | | | |
| | Cash Budget | |
| | | | | | September | October | November | December |
Cash Inflows: | | | | |
Collections of Receivables: | $684 | $1,323 | $779 | $1,604 |
Bank Loan: | | $350 | | |
Total cash inflows: | $684 | $1,673 | $779 | $1,604 | | | | | |
Cash Outflows: | | | | |
Payments of Accounts Payable: | $948 | $600 | $600 | $600 |
Other Operating Outflows: | $400 | $400 | $400 | $400 |
Purchase New Equipment: | | $350 | | |
Tax Payments: | $181 | | | $181 |
Interest Payments to Bank: | $15 | $15 | $20 | $20 |
Principal Repayments to Bank: | | | | $1,350 |
Dividends: | | | | $150 |
Total cash outflows: | $1,544 | $1,365 | $1,020 | $2,701 | | | | | |
Reconciliation: | | | | |
Begining cash balance: | $1,559 | $699 | $1,007 | $766 |
Net cash flow: | | | | |
Net Cash Recepts | -$860 | $308 | -$241 | -$1,097 |
Ending cash balance: | $699 | $1,007 | $766 | -$332 |
Table 1 -
Income Statement |
Sales | $7,537.00 |
Cost of Sales | $5,740.00 |
Other expenses | $117.00 |
EBIT | $1,680.00 |
Taxes | $771.40 |
Earnings after taxes | $908.60 |
Dividends | $150.00 |
Retained Earnings | $758.60 |
* Cost of Sales= $1320 (reduction in work in progress)+ $420 (reduction in raw material inventory) + $2400 (purchases)+ (400*4) (other outlays).
* Other expenses = $47 (Depreciation) + $70 (Interest)
* Taxes = (1680*48%) - $35