Han and China Essay

Submitted By xWhyNotCoconut
Words: 492
Pages: 2

The civilizations of Han China and Rome had very different views on technology. While Han China saw technology as necessary to economic life, Romans saw technology as unneeded and no substitute for hard work and manual labor. The documents show that technology keeps Han China’s productivity and efficiency high. They also show a Roman pattern of dislike for technology in favor of a stronger work ethic and larger labor system. Documents 1 and 8 show how Han China and Rome would generally solve a single problem. China’s solution is to first look for the fastest, most efficient way to solve the problem without much labor (Doc. 1). The Roman solution is not clear, however, Romans use more than what was enough for regular pleasure (Doc. 8). They do not actually solve the problem of the too much water but instead find ways to use it. An additional document from the officials in response to the author of Document 1 would be helpful in determining better the Chinese value of technology. Also a document from a Roman citizen enjoying the “pleasure” of excess water would be helpful in determining if the claim of the commissioner is valid. Documents 2 and 5 show each society’s use of technology. In China, the quality of the tools is important for productivity and economic stimulation (Doc. 2). However in Rome, the dependence on productivity seems to be on the laborers (Doc 5). Instead of advancing their technology, the Romans would rather increase the labor force. Cicero’s position as an upperclassman would make it much easier for him to simply acquire more labor leaving questioning to the validity of his claims. A document from a laborer detailing how to increase productivity would be helpful in getting the general Roman outlook. Documents 4 and 6 give a picture on how each society’s view on technology resulted in each productivity. China