The fall of the Han Dynasty was not a sudden event, but rather, a course of about two centuries. Despite the overall prosperity of the Han Empire, China began to face economic difficulty and social tension. Military conquests under the reign of Han Wudi caused severe economic struggle. Campaigns against Xiongnu and the founding of colonies in central Asia were very costly and they quickly consumed China’s surplus wealth. To fund his campaigns, Han Wudi raised taxes considerably and confiscated land and personal property from upper class citizens, sometimes making it seem as though they had violated imperial law. These new influences did not kill commerce and industry, but greatly discouraged investing in manufacturing and trading enterprises, which did have a negative impact on the overall economy. Social tensions between the upper and lower classes became more intense during this period. Upper class citizens donned leather shoes, silk garments, and jewelry crafted from jade and gold, while peasants and lower classes wore simple rough-spun hemp clothing and sandals. Dinner tables at wealthy households exhibited pork, fish, fowl, and fine wines, while a peasant’s diet mostly consisted of grain, rice, and occasionally meat or vegetables. By the first century B.C.E., economic differences caused major social tensions. Another issue was that of land distribution. Personal economic problems forced many landowners to sell their property in unfavorable conditions, or to forfeit it in cancellation of their debts. In harsh cases, families would be forced to sell themselves into slavery to relieve their debts. Wealthier individuals often would increase the size of their estate by absorbing the land from the less fortunate. This led to even more social tension and was the beginning of the end of the Han. Later Han emperors still did not address land distribution, which led to the end of the former Han Dynasty,…
Technology was viewed as a positive during the Han dynasty, opposing the upper class Romans who did not agree.
In times of the Han dynasty, the use of technology was a positive when the tools helped the workers efficiently, however during the Roman empire tools were seen as a positive when the technology glorified the society, but if the lower class were to use the technology (tools) the Romans did not agree with it. Specifically, in the Han dynasty the tools benefited the peasants by having them…
The Western Han Dynasty started to decline during the reign of the Emperor Han Yuan (汉元帝）(50 B.C--33 B.C).He was a quite extravagant emperor to began with.In 43 B.C.,when there natural disaster strike China,especially in the area of Guan Dong (关东),he goes to Gan Quan (甘泉）for a trip.It wasn't until his loyal subjects advised him to think about his people before he goes back to the capital city.
During his reign,he had thousands of palace maidens,and kept tens of thousands of horses.This is contrary…
Political stability?Dates/TL of each Empire?
1. A family of kings, called a ____________, would rule over China during the classical period. 2. The Great Wall of China was built during the rule of First Emperor ____________. 3. The most famous ruler of the Han dynasty w
What defines a classical society? Similarities and differences between them? (article) What is the definitions AND significance of the…
Han vs Rome
The choice of which society I would rather be a merchant in is quite obviously the Roman Empire for a variety of reasons. First the Roman Empire had much more developed trade networks than the Han Dynasty. Although the Han Dynasty had better written communication it lacked the vastness of influence the Roman Empire held. Additionally, the Han Dynasty only had Southern Asia and Eastern Asia while the Roman Empire’s realm spread over a much larger area. This led to a…
Economics of the Han Dynasty
The Han dynasty’s economy was increased by growth, urbanization, trade, and the governments attempt at urbanization. A large part of the dynasty was creating a monetary system where the increase of minting and circulation of coin currency grew. The Hans traded with many foreign countries across eurasia. They used the silk road as the main factor for all their travel routes. The capital cities of western and eastern Han had the lasrgest population and area at that time…
Han vs. Rome
September 29, 2013
The Han and the Rome empires were very different in their political systems. Both differed in the way they handled their borders, the way they looked at society, and religion. These two dynasties were different when it came their borders, as well as government. Rome and Han had their similarities as well. Both were similar in agriculture, and in their government. With these two empires having their differences…
civilization and various independent princes proved unable to unite which brought much devastation and conflict.
The ways the Mongol conquest effected China in the 1200s were tremendous. The Mongol invasion of China involved the defeat of the Jin Dynasty which changed China politically. At first, the Mongols and Song China had a common enemy. They allied together but the alliance broke in 1234. During this time Kublai Khan slowly followed Chinese political structures. The Mongols made use of Chinese…
* Agriculture plays an important role in there diet, mainly 70% of their diet contains of vegetables which provides a balance of sufficient protein, vitamin, and minerals.
* Roles of merchants gave the San people food and clothes and tools for daily living like shovels, knifes, bows and arrows, and blankets for the cold nights
* Most Khoisan gathering and hunting peoples had long ago been absorbed or misplaced by the arrival of Bantu-speaking peoples bearing agriculture…
Han Dynasty was a strong and united empire established by Gaozu Liu bang in 202 B.C. The empire prior to Han, also the first empire in the history of China, Qin Dynasty was established and governed based on the ideology of legalists. Under the reign of Qin Shi Huang, legalists’ ideology was spread and executed across the entire empire. Without any doubt, legalists ideology made Qin a very powerful empire, as legalists ideology gave Qin a very disciplined army and a very centralized bureaucratic…
The Daoism and the Confucianism in Han Dynasty
History 135: Imperial Chinese History
Professor: Robert J. Culp
March 4th, 2011
The Daoism and the Confucianism in Han Dynasty
As the dominant philosophical school for around two thousand years in Chinese imperial history, Confucianism is always regarded as the most representative ideology of China, associated with numerous books, poems, artworks and stories that glorify Confucianism’s permeation into every corner of Chinese…