Essay on Harvard: Citation and Reference List

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Harvard UWS Referencing Style Guide

Intellectual honesty and plagiarism
About the Harvard UWS style
In-text citation: Referencing sources within the text
Reference list
Electronic items
Referencing secondary sources
Different works of the same author and same year

Books, book chapters and brochures

Single author
Two or three authors

Acts of Parliament (includes bills)

Australian Bureau of Statistics
(Census information)

Government report
Government report (online)
Image on the Internet

Legal authorities (cases)
Microfiche / microfilm document
Patent/ Trademark (electronic database) Podcast (from the Internet)

Four to six authors
Seven or more authors
No author (incl. dictionary or encyclopaedia) Corporate author / authoring body
Edited book

Chapter or article in book
Chapter or article in an edited book 


Journal articles, newspaper articles and conference papers

Other materials

Journal article (print version)
Journal article (full-text from electronic database)
Newspaper article (available in print) Newspaper article (from electronic database) Article (from the Internet, not available in print version)
Non-English journal article translated into English
Proceedings of meetings and symposiums, conference papers

Conference proceedings (from electronic database)

Systematic reviews

Australian Bureau of Statistics

Lecture (unpublished) / personal communication Study guide
Thesis / dissertation
Tutorial / lecture handout
Video recording, television program or audio recording
Video or audio (from the Internet)
Web page / document on the

University of Western Sydney Library

Harvard UWS Referencing Style Guide

Referencing acknowledges the sources that you use to write your essay or assignment paper.
Please see the section of this guide regarding intellectual honesty and plagiarism.
In-text citations are used throughout your writing to acknowledge the sources of your information. The full references for the citations are then listed at the end of your assignment paper in the Reference list.
It is important to first consult your unit outline, lecturer or tutor for the preferred citation style for each unit you undertake.

Intellectual honesty and plagiarism
Students are referred to the University of Western Sydney Calendar "Misconduct - Student
Academic Misconduct Policy" section for basic definitions and University policies relating to intellectual honesty, cheating and plagiarism.

About the Harvard UWS style
The Harvard UWS style is one of a number of styles of referencing or bibliographic citation that is used widely for academic writing. It is an author-date system e.g. (Mullane 2006).
This guide covers basic explanations and examples for the most common types of citations used by students. This citation guide is based on the author-date system used in the Style manual for authors, editors and printers (Commonwealth of Australia, 2002), an Australian government publication which is available at all UWS libraries. Please consult this publication for further examples and explanation:
Commonwealth of Australia 2002, Style manual for authors, editors and printers, 6th edn, rev.
Snooks & Co., John Wiley & Sons Australia, Brisbane.
For further support, please contact UWS Library: o Phone 02 98525353 o Email o Online Librarian

In-text citation: Referencing sources within the text
Throughout the text of your paper you need to acknowledge the sources you used to write your paper. Whenever you present a statement of evidence such as a quote, or when you use someone else's ideas, opinions or theories in your own words (paraphrasing), you must