The two engineering organisations that I have chosen for task one will be Airbus and Virgin Atlantic.
Regulation 1 –
Employers are always in charge to provide, replace and pay for personal protective equipment (PPE). PPE is protective clothing that the employee wears to protect themselves because they work in a dangerous environment. It will only protect the person wearing the PPE. There are different items of protective clothing and they are steel toe capped boots, goggles, overalls and gloves, safety helmets, eye protection, high visibility clothing, harnesses and respiratory protective equipment
PPE is very relevant in the engineering workplace because there are all sorts of hazards. The PPE comes into use when there are hazards that could damage the human body internally and externally. For example:-
Lungs can be damaged because of breathing in contaminated air.
The head or feet from falling materials.
The eyes from flying particles or corrosive liquids.
The skin if there is any contact with corrosive materials.
The body from extreme cold or hot weather.
Regulation 2 –
Electricity can kill or severely injure people and cause damage to property. But, you can take simple precautions when working with electricity and electrical equipment to reduce the risk of injury for you and workers around you. This section provides a summary of those precautions.
Electricity is always relevant to health and safety, especially when you are in a workshop or in a hangar with electrical equipment. Below, are bullet points of what you need to do to make sure that electrical equipment is safe to use.
Make sure there is an up to date risk assessment.
Check that the electrical equipment is suitable for the work.
The equipment should be physically capable of doing the job, and designed and constructed so that mechanical and electrical stresses do not cause the equipment to become unsafe.
If the environment is damp you may choose to use battery or air powered equipment, or equipment that operates at a reduced voltage
Regulation 3 –
There will be information on thermal comfort including heat stress and cold stress for employers and employees when working inside and outside. Thermal comfort is usually referred to when someone is feeling too hot or too cold. It can be difficult figure out as you need to take into account environmental and personal factors.
People working in uncomfortably hot and cold environments are more likely to behave unsafely because their ability to make decisions, for example:-
People may take short cuts to get out of cold environments.
The workers ability to concentrate on a given task may start to decrease and increases the risk of errors occurring.
Humidity – If water is heated it will evaporate into the surrounding environment and the amount of water in the air will provide humidity. Relative humidity between 40% and 70% does not have a major impact on thermal comfort.
Clothing insulation – Clothing interferes with our ability to lose heat to the environment. Thermal comfort depends of the type of clothes that we wear. Wearing too much clothing or personal protective equipment (PPE) may be the main cause of heat stress even if the environment is not warm or hot. If clothing does not provide enough insulation, the wearer may be at risk from cold injuries such as frost bite or hypothermia.
Regulation 4 –
Many employees in Great Britain are exposed to noise levels at work that it harmful after a long period of time. Hearing loss is an irreversible damage to the ears caused by exposure to high levels of noise.
The noise exposure ready-reckoners allow you to estimate daily or weekly noise exposure. To use the daily exposure ready-reckoner you will need to know the levels of noise and exposure which makes up a person's working day. For weekly noise exposure, somebody's noise exposure varies from day to day. You will need to know the daily noise exposure for each day…