Health and Social care Essay

Submitted By courtyb
Words: 871
Pages: 4

P1 Describe physical, intellectual, emotional and social development for each of the life stages of an individual

This criterion may be completed as a table which includes the following sections:

Life stage Physical development Intellectual development Emotional development Social development

Birth and infancy 0-3 years

Learn to control muscles and movement ( first 3 months holding head up with support, 6-9 months crawling, 9-12 months sitting without support and standing unaided , 1-2 years walking alone, 2-3 years running, balancing on one foot, tiptoeing etc.) Attention span will widen (1-3 months baby will coo and smile when he sees face, 3-6 months vocalise words 6-9 say ‘mama’ ‘dada’, 9-12 understand basic commands and imitate sounds, 1-2 years sort things by shape and colour, 2-3 years more aware of dangerous things, sentences up to 4 words will know 1000 0-3 variety of feelings and expresses emotions through smiles frowns, body movements, gurgling and cooing, 6-12 months shows fear and clings to parents around strangers, 12-18 months show negative emotions and may resist naps, refuse some foods and may have tantrums, 2 years shows extreme behaviour (aggressive/calm, helpful/stubborn), temper tantrums more independent and less fearful, 3 years more happy and content less angry
0-3 months Begins to develop a social smile and enjoys to play with others, 3-7 months enjoys social play, 1-2 years a fearful of strangers may cry when leaving parents and shows preference for certain people, 2-3 years more excited of company with others increases independence and imitates older people Childhood 4-9 years

4-5 child develops hand-eye coordination be able to catch throw a ball hop on one foot, walk up and down stairs alone, and use safety scissors. 5-7walk on tip toes, ride a bike , draw shapes and do things like brush their teeth, 7-9 years old strength and coordination will continue to develop with practice and will identify themselves as athletic or not 4 years old often cannot tell the difference between fantasy and reality 5-6 years can use words to describe feelings, 7-8 years old are able to distinguish between fantasy and reality 9 years old ]
4 years old Views self as a whole person involving body, mind, and feelings 5-6 years Show jealousy toward siblings and understand their own feelings and show empathy, 7-8 years old Form a sense of humour and enjoy telling jokes 9 years old
4 years old cooperates with other children, plays mum and dad and enjoys fantasy play 5-6 Are willing to play cooperatively, take turns, and share, Enjoy playing alone, but prefer to play with friends, 7-8 Befriend children of the opposite gender 9 years old

Adolescence 10 – 18 years

Puberty is defined as the biological changes of adolescence. By mid-adolescence, if not sooner,