health and social care Essay examples

Submitted By kulfunk
Words: 676
Pages: 3

P4- Specific dietary needs of service users
Most people eat too much of fats and too many calories that along with the lack of exercise which has lead to obesity and heart disease. People who suffer from health conditions that are related to nutritional disorders can become very serious and require specific dietary needs.
Coronary heart disease Cholesterol is a fat made by the liver from the saturated fat we eat. Cholesterol is essential for healthy cells, if there is too much is can lead to coronary heart disease (CHD) We have two type of cholesterol which are
LDL- Often refer to as bad cholesterol takes cholesterol from the liver and delivers it to the cells, LDL cholesterol tends to build up on the risk of heart disease.
HDL_ Often referred to as good cholesterol carries cholesterol away from the cells and back to the liver where it’s broken down or passed from the body as a waste product.
Coronary heart disease is caused when the blood vessels to the heart (coronary arteries) become narrowed by a gradual build of fatty6 material within the walls, this condition is called atherosclerosis and the fatty material is called atheroma. It can leads to angina, heart attacks, arrhythmia and heart failure.
The most common cause of high blood cholesterol levels in people is too much saturated fat in the diet , every little cholesterol is found in foods except for egg, livers , kidneys and sea foods such as prawns.
Causes of coronary heart disease
Coronary heart disease is caused by a build-up of fatty deposits on the artery walls such as
*Smoking_ is a major risk factor which can also increase the risk of blood clots, can damage the lining of the coronary arteries leading to furring of the arteries.
*Being overweight (excess fats) – eating of too much fats and lack of exercise
* High blood pressure)_ put a strain on the heart and can lead to coronary heart disease , the pressure is the measure of the blood pressure as the heart contract and pumps blood out
*Drinking of excessive of alcohol_ drinking of too much alcohol can cause coronary heart disease
*Eating unhealthy diet, such as foods that are high in saturated fats, cholesterol, salt, and sugar` such as meat pie, butter, lard, hard cheese, cakes and biscuits.
* Lack of exercise – people who lead very little exercise or physical activity have higher risk of having coronary heart disease.
Heart attack – if the heart muscle does not have enough blood ( consequently oxygen) it dies and a heart attack occurs when the blood clots develop in one of the coronary arteries, can stop the supply of blood to the heart.
It possible to lower cholesterol levels by cutting down the amount of fats