Test 1 Review
Chapters: 1, 3, 7, 15,
1. What is health? The state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, and not merely absence of disease/infirmity.
2. What is the leading cause of death in the US? Heart disease.
3. What is a chronic disease? A disease that typically begins slowly, progresses, and persists, with a variety of signs and symptoms that can be treated but not cured by medication.
4. What is environmental health? This dimension entails understanding how the health of the environments in which you live, work, and play can positively or negatively affect you; protecting yourself from hazards in your own environment; and working to preserve, protect, and improve environmental conditions for everyone.
5. What is health interchangeable with? Wellness.
6. What is physical health? This dimension includes characteristics such as body size and shape, sensory acuity and responsiveness, susceptibility to disease and disorders, body functioning, physical fitness, and recuperative abilities. Newer definitions of physical health also include our ability to perform normal activities of daily living (ADLs), or those tasks that are necessary to normal existence in society, such as getting up out of a chair, bending over to tie your shoes, or writing a check.
7. What is social health? The ability to have a broad social network and have satisfying interpersonal relationships with friends, family members, and partners is a key part of overall wellness. This implies being able to give and receive love and to be nurturing and supportive in social interactions. Successfully interacting and communicating with others, adapting to various social situations, and other daily behaviors are all part of social health.
8. What is spiritual health? This dimension involves having a sense of meaning and purpose in your life. This may involve a belief in a supreme being or a specified way of living prescribed by a particular religion. It also may include the ability to understand and express one’s purpose in life; to feel a part of a greater spectrum of existence; to experience peace, contentment, and wonder over life’s experiences; and to care about and respect all living things.
9. What are determinants of health? The range of personal, social, economic, and environmental factors that influence health status.
10. What are activities of daily living? Eating, sleeping, exercising, learning.
11. What are SMART goals and what does each letter stand for? SMART goals are goals such as exercising four times a week for thirty minutes between now and Christmas. SMART stands for specific, measurable, action-oriented, realistic, and time-oriented.
1. What describes the size of the human heart? About the size of your fist.
2. How many chambers are in the heart? Four chambers.
3. What are the atria? Two upper chambers; they collect blood.
4. What are arteries? Vessels that carry blood away from the heart to other regions of the body.
5. Which vessels does oxygen exchange occur in? Capillaries.
6. What arteries supply blood to the heart? Veins.
7. What is ischemia? Reduced oxygen supply to a body part or organ.
8. What is a myocardial infarction? A blockage of normal blood supply to an area in the heart; also known as a heart attack.
9. What is the most important time period after a heart attack? The first hour.
10. What is a cerebrovascular accident? Occurs when the blood supply to the brain is interrupted; also known as a stroke.
11. What is hypertension? Sustained high blood pressure.
12. Systolic blood pressure is when the heart… Contracts.
13. Diastolic blood pressure is when the heart… Relaxes.
14. A healthy blood pressure is… 120/80.
15. What is an arrhythmia? An irregular heartbeat.
16. What are the non-modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease? Race and ethnicity, genetic factors, sex, age, etc.
17. What are the ventricles? The heart’s two lower