DOCUMENTING HEALTH DISPARITIES IN NYC
Volume 1, No. 1
NYC VITAL SIGNS
New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene
WHAT ARE HEALTH DISPARITIES?
Health disparities are defined as the differences in health between groups of people because of social inequalities, such as a poor neighborhood environment, poor quality of health care, or other social factors. Health problems can be related to people’s race/ethnicity, where they live, or how much money they have.
In both rich and poor neighborhoods, black New Yorkers have higher death rates than all other New Yorkers
Death rates by race/ethnicity and neighborhood poverty
Deaths per 100,000 population
In New York City, people living in poor neighborhoods have higher death rates than those living in wealthier neighborhoods.
However, black New Yorkers have the highest rate in every neighborhood. In poor neighborhoods, the black death rate is 25% higher than the white death rate; in wealthy neighborhoods, the gap is 16%.
Sources: Bureau of Vital Statistics, NYC DOHMH, 2004-2006 combined.
WHO CAN REDUCE HEALTH DISPARITIES?
Preventing the negative impact of poverty is important to reduce health disparities, and all New
Yorkers have a role to play. City agencies, health professionals, academic/research institutions, policy-makers, community organizations, businesses, and individuals together can reduce the impact of social conditions on health.
Reducing Health Disparities in New York City is a new electronic publication series that examines health disparities in NYC and promotes community-and policy-based recommendations to address this problem. To read the full first report in this series – Health
Disparities in Life Expectancy and Death – visit nyc.gov/health.
Health Disparities in Life Expectancy and Death
NEW YORK CITY…