Health: New York City and Documenting Health Disparities Essay

Submitted By Dre-Answer
Words: 499
Pages: 2

Health Disparities in New York City
DOCUMENTING HEALTH DISPARITIES IN NYC

Volume 1, No. 1

NYC VITAL SIGNS

New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

April 2010

No.1 Highlights

WHAT ARE HEALTH DISPARITIES?
Health disparities are defined as the differences in health between groups of people because of social inequalities, such as a poor neighborhood environment, poor quality of health care, or other social factors. Health problems can be related to people’s race/ethnicity, where they live, or how much money they have.

In both rich and poor neighborhoods, black New Yorkers have higher death rates than all other New Yorkers
Death rates by race/ethnicity and neighborhood poverty
(2004-2006)
1000

Deaths per 100,000 population

In New York City, people living in poor neighborhoods have higher death rates than those living in wealthier neighborhoods.
However, black New Yorkers have the highest rate in every neighborhood. In poor neighborhoods, the black death rate is 25% higher than the white death rate; in wealthy neighborhoods, the gap is 16%.

950
White

800
600

Hispanic

Black

761

Asian

636

625
546

433

396

400

370

200
0
Poorest

Wealthiest

Sources: Bureau of Vital Statistics, NYC DOHMH, 2004-2006 combined.

WHO CAN REDUCE HEALTH DISPARITIES?
Preventing the negative impact of poverty is important to reduce health disparities, and all New
Yorkers have a role to play. City agencies, health professionals, academic/research institutions, policy-makers, community organizations, businesses, and individuals together can reduce the impact of social conditions on health.

Reducing Health Disparities in New York City is a new electronic publication series that examines health disparities in NYC and promotes community-and policy-based recommendations to address this problem. To read the full first report in this series – Health
Disparities in Life Expectancy and Death – visit nyc.gov/health.
Health Disparities in Life Expectancy and Death

1

NEW YORK CITY…