These are main pieces of legislation that play key important roles in the wellbeing of the company and its employees. However there are many more pieces of legislation that are relevant, just not as essential.
Health & Safety at Work Act of 1974
An ongoing significant piece of legislation is the Health & Safety at Work Act of 1974 or (HASAWA). This vital piece of legislation “covers the occupational health and safety in the United Kingdom”. The Health and Safety at Work Act as well as numerous other acts are the responsibility of the health and safety executive who enforces these acts. These are the statutory instruments that are relevant to any working environment.
Employer’s responsibility to implement and manage a system of safe working
Employer’s responsibility to carry out risk assessments
Ensure compliance to all standards of safety applicable to the business
Safe system of Fire prevention, alarm and escape operations
The prevention of accidents to all personnel
The operational safety and maintenance of machinery
Displaying HSE signage, representatives, training and induction
Workplace health and safety, first aider’s, certificates of compliance
C.O.S.H.H (Control of Substances Hazardous to Health)
Essential pieces of legislation for handling substances of all types is COSHH it describes how to control hazardous chemicals or substances that may put people’s lives at risk due to ill health. It helps employers understand the regulations that they have to comply with. The smaller businesses need this information to protect their employees but the medium to large businesses will need this information to, not just protect their employees but they will also need to seek professional advice as far as large quantities of hazardous chemicals are concerned.
To ensure, you as the employer are responsible for taking the effective measures to control the time & amount of exposure and to protect the health of you, your employees, visitors and civilians.
A file must be available of all Health & Safety Data Sheets of all the materials used on site, this needs updating periodically and copies keep available at all times for emergency use involving accidents and fires.
RIDDOR (Report of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995)
This particular piece of Legislation is one of the very important few; it imposes duties on employers, the self-employed and the people in control of the work premises to report serious accidents, occupational diseases and dangerous occurrences. If someone has died or has been injured because of a work related incident, it would have to be reported. The three main types of reportable injuries are:
The reportable major injuries that are:
Bone fracture, other than to fingers, thumbs and toes
Dislocation of the shoulder, knee, hip or spine
Loss of sight (whether it be temporary or permanent)
Chemical or hot metal burns to the eye or any penetrating injury to the eye
Injury resulting from electrical shock or burn leading to unconsciousness, or requiring resuscitation or admittance to hospital for more than 24 hours
Any other injuries the lead to hypothermia, heat-induced illness or unconsciousness or requiring resuscitation or admittance to hospital for more than 24 hours
Unconsciousness caused by asphyxia or exposure to a harmful substance or biological agent
Acute illness requiring medical attention, or loss of consciousness arising from any absorption of any substance by inhalation, ingest or through the skin.
Acute illness requiring medical treatment where there is reason to believe that this resulted from exposure to a biological agent, its toxins or infected materials.
2) Describe specific regulations and safe working practices and procedures that apply to their work activities
ISO 2000 specifies the requirements for a