Health care is a critical concern among human beings. With the increasing number of elderly, growing waiting time for medical services, and the pressure of high costs, healthcare has become an important field of study for scientists and technologists. The body of human medical knowledge has been growing and developing over time based on many experiences and accidents which resulted in the physical injury, mental disabilities, and deaths of numerous patients. After those sacrifices, scientists and doctors started to think about how to improve their medical skills without hurting patients. Throughout the centuries, as technology developed, medical simulation training improved. Some research shows that using medical simulation training reduces almost 70% of medical accidents from lack of experience of new doctors and nurses. As technology is developed, the quality of simulation in medical training will continue to improve in the future.
First of all, the history of medical simulation training is not long. After the development of other field in simulation, due to lack of the medical skills, knowledge, and technology, medical training using simulations became known to public. Its main purpose is to train medical professionals like doctors, nurses, pharmacy assistants and physical therapists to decease critical accidents during any medical performances. “Simulation has the potential to supplement the dwindling resources for practice of medical skills. Traditional resources include animals, cadavers, and patients without consent. The validity of value of simulation has never been proven in any other industry” (Rosen. Par.11).
Technology of medical simulation is developing in different branches of medicine. Today, many hospitals are using very high tech mannequin for their simulation training. Different medicine braches are using medical simulation to improve skill of doctors and nurses. Learners interact with the simulator. With same manner they would with real patients, they find information in critical situations. Once the simulator’s conditions is identified, learners proceed with right treatment and procedure in an effort to cure the simulator’s condition. All of these simulation is now consist of high fidelity machine and mannequins. Most of simulation is for surgery. For example, medical simulation is actively performing in pediatric department. For pediatric simulation, most of training is based on preparing for every kind of medical situation For example, the fidelis virtual childbirth simulator delivers automatically by means of a birthing process that was engineered to be stable, realistic than the competition. Texas children’s hospital supports this example that has been presented.
The simulation center at Texas children’s hospital features both male and female high-fidelity simulators to recreate realistic neonatal, obstetric and pediatric clinical scenarios. These simulators include laerdal simbaby with realistic anatomy and clinical functionality, laerdal simnewB with realistic newborn traits and lifelike clinical feedback, Gaumard S550 Noelle Maternal and neonatal birthing simulator with advanced childbirth simulator. (Texas Children’s n.pg #).
According to David Gaba, there are five designations of medical simulation training techniques which are verbal, SPs, part-task trainers, computer patient, and electronic patient. Verbal training is, with scriptures and screenplay, learners train how to go through certain situation without actually doing it. For verbal simulation, role playing is crucial. Normal patients are actors used to educate and evaluate physical examination skills, communication, and professionalism. Past-task trainers provides just the key elements of the procedure or skills being learned. While they cannot copy performing the task on real patients, they do allow learners to acquire the basic skills needed than be taught the better points of doing the procedures under