There are three main types of hearing losses. They are conductive, sensorineural, and mixed. The type of hearing loss depends upon where in the ear the problem occurs. With conductive hearing loss there is a problem in the external or middle ear that prevents sound from reaching the nerves in the inner ear. External otitis; also known as swimmers ear can also be a cause of conductive hearing loss. Other causes include excessive cerumen or presence of a foreign body in the ear canal. Infections involving a hair follicle called furuncle or involving multiple hair follicles called carbuncle where an abscess may form can also be a cause. Benign masses may also be found in the external ear causing the ear to become red and inflamed. Your patient will be complaining of pain radiating inward on the affected side. Absence of or malformation of the outer ear, ear canal, or middle ear may also cause conductive hearing loss. Otitis media is the most common cause of hearing loss in the middle ear and usually follows an upper respiratory infection. The patient would be experiencing fever, earache and feeling of fullness in the affected ear. A perforated or ruptured tympanic membrane resulting from trauma or exposure to loud noise or repeated infections causing pressure on the membrane can also cause conductive hearing loss. The stapes in the middle ear can develop ostosclerosis preventing it from vibrating which will prevent sound from getting to the inner ear. This begins progressively mainly in women after the age of forty. If prompt medical or surgical treatments are done, permanent hearing loss may be avoided. Treatments for conductive hearing loss include removal of cerumen build up by irrigating the ear canal. If there is fluid trapped in the ear; procedures such as paracentesis using a needle or a myringtomy which makes an incisionis in the tympanic membrane will allow fluid to drain or be suctioned out of the middle ear. A surgery called a myringoplasty can also be done to repair a damaged tympanic membrane. A stapedectomy can also be done to remove a damaged stapes and replace it with prosthesis. Hearing aids are also another treatment commonly used to assist your patient with their hearing loss. Another type of hearing loss known as sensorineural hearing loss; also known as nerve hearing loss occurs in the inner part of the ear. The damaged nerves of the inner ear do not properly transmit the signals to the auditory centers of the brain. There are many causes, differing by age of onset. They can occur before or during birth from perinatal infections, heredity, and asphyxia at birth, low birth weight, or defects of the head and neck. Other causes can be from an infection or inflammation of the inner ear known as a labyrinthitis. This can also be caused by drug toxicity from some antibiotics, as well as some diuretics. Overindulgence of alcohol or some allergies have also been related to hearing loss. A couple of the most common signs of an inner ear infection are vertigo and tinnitus. Other symptoms include pain, fever, ataxia, nausea, and vomiting. The natural degeneration of the organ of Corti known as Presbycusis; or Neoplastic disorders such as inner ear tumors can also causes sensorineural hearing loss. Acoustic neuroma, a tumor of the eighth cranial nerve, is the most common benign tumor. Symptoms include unilateral loss of high pitched sounds, unilateral tinnitus as well as intermediate vertigo. Headache and balance disorders may also be present. A balance disorder called Meniere’s disease involves a group of symptoms including deafness, tinnitus, vertigo, and sensation of fullness or pressure in the ears. Acute episodes can last 2 to4 hours at a time. The symptoms will resolve after several weeks but the hearing loss in the affected ear remain and your patient will experience some degree of permanent hearing loss. Normal conversation levels occur at about 60 decibels. Prolonged exposure to loud noises above 90…
(1) Is a loss from criminal fraud or embezzlement in a transaction entered into for
profit a theft loss or a capital loss under § 165 of the Internal Revenue Code?
(2) Is such a loss subject to either the personal loss limits in § 165(h) or the limits
on itemized deductions in §§ 67 and 68?
(3) In what year is such a loss deductible?
(4) How is the amount of such a loss determined?
(5) Can such a loss create or increase a net operating loss under § 172?
(6) Does such a loss qualify for…
Hearing Paper: Otitis Media
University of Montana
Middle ear disease and middle ear infection are two of the many ways to refer to otitis media, an inflammation of the middle ear. Despite its many names, otitis media has only one primary cause, Eustachian (auditory) tube dysfunction. There are many risk factors that may prevent proper Eustachian tube function and which may ultimately result in a conductive hearing loss (Klein, 1994).
The Eustachian tube is described…
Raising a child in Deaf Culture
* Lost of Hearing
* Non-Genetic hearing loss is caused by illness or trauma from birth or before birth. Also, older children and infants can develop non-genetic hearing loss by illness and trauma.
* Viral Infections tends to cause the highest risk of a newborn developing a hearing loss.
* Low Birth Weight
* Cancer & Radioactive Drug taken during pregnancy
* Viral Meningitis & Bacterial Infections
* Scarlet Fever:…
Shanta Everington reviews ‘A Loss for Words’ by Lou Ann Walker, an autobiographical account of her life as the hearing daughter of profoundly deaf parents. (Review first published in Audacity Magazine, June 2006) |
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Walker’s memoir, written from a hearing person’s perspective, explores the dynamics between deaf and hearing culture and the unique role occupied by children of deaf parents, who move between deaf or hearing worlds, often feeling as though they…
April 20, 2015
Hearing Impairment and Learning in adult age, my own view like a Hearing impaired.
I’m not born hearing impaired and I remember exactly the day when I became hearing impaired. The consequences of hearing loss are far from trivial, and the challenges are many, but we must not forget that being hearing impaired is not limited only to a pathology: it is also a culture! From a purely scientific point of view, the difference between the words "Deaf" and "Hearing Impaired" is essentially…
Alzheimer's disease is a progressive degenerative disease of the brain which results in memory loss, confusion, impaired judgement, personality changes, disorientation, and loss of language skills. It is most common in people older than 65, and its incidence increases in people older than 80.
Cause and Incidence
The cause of Alzheimer's is unknown; however, several factors are thought to be implicated in this disease. These include neurochemical…
Mechanisms of human hearing
Our ears are one of the most delicate and extraordinary organs in the body.
To understand the Physiology of the ear we can break the ear anatomy into three regions, Outer Ear, Middle Ear and the Inner Ear.
Outer Ear: The outer part of the ear which is visible to everyone is called Pinna, It consists of the ear lobes, helix, anti-helix, tubercle, the concha (which is nearest to our ear canal), tragus (which projects immediately in front of our ear canal). The hole…
Women Hair Loss
Women Hair loss is a medical problem and clients need to know the medical disease and conditions that cause hair loss. Cosmetic solution should be use after clients had a medical diagnosis. An example of a Diagnostic techniques is “The hair pull test, hand-held epiluminescent microscopy and global photography are valuable in the diagnosis and management of this condition. The hair pull test is an examination technique…
Acquired Sensory Loss
This is when somebody is born without any sensory loss, but then has an accident or illness which causes a sensory loss.
Diabetes: The most serious complication of diabetes for the eye is the development of diabetic retinopathy. Diabetes affects the tiny blood vessels of the eye and if they become blocked or leak then the retina and possibly your vision will be affected.
Measles: Measles blindness is the single leading cause of blindness…