Essay about Heart and Heart Chambers

Submitted By 123knochel
Words: 993
Pages: 4

English term
Explanation
Urdu
1
Acute heart failure heart failure that develops suddenly (often due to a heart attack). Although it may be severe initially, it may only last for a brief time and improve rapidly.

2.
Anaemia
A low number of red blood cells or a low amount of haemoglobin in your blood cells, resulting in reduced oxygen delivery to tissues and organs.

3.
Angina
pain or discomfort in the chest as a result of reduced blood supply to a part of the heart muscle. It is usually caused by coronary artery disease.

4.
Angiography
a test using an injection of a liquid dye that is visible on x-rays to identify blockages in your coronary arteries.

5.
Angiotensin II a hormone produced naturally by your kidneys that causes constriction of your blood vessels, reduces urine production and increases your blood pressure.

6.
Arrhythmia

an irregular heart rhythm

7.
Asthma
a respiratory condition that causes narrowing of the lung passageways, making breathing out especially difficult.

8.
Atria
the smaller, upper chambers of the heart that fill the larger ventricles.

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Atril fibrillation irregular and often rapid beating of the left upper chamber (atrium) of your heart leading to irregular beating of the ventricles.

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Atrium
Upper Chambers

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Beta blockers a class of medicines used to slow your heart rate or lower your blood pressure.

12
Cardiac MRI a type of heart imaging using a powerful magnetic field to provide very detailed images of the heart

13
Cardiomyopathy
a condition that causes the heart muscle to become enlarged, abnormally thick or rigid. There are many causes of cardiomyopathy.

14
Cholesterol
a waxy substance that is important for many functions in the body and is present in many foods. There are several types of cholesterol. Too much low-density cholesterol can lead to heart disease.

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Chronic heart failure long-term heart failure that develops slowly over time, may gradually get worse and requires long-term therapy

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Congenital
existing at birth, for example a condition that is present at birth

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Congestion
an excess of fluid in a part of the body.

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Coronary arteries: blood vessels that supply blood to the heart muscle.

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Cyanosis:
a bluish discoloration of the skin due to a lack of oxygen in the blood that is usually caused by a congenital heart defect

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Digoxin
a medicine used to control abnormal heart rhythms and improve performance.

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Dilatation
enlargement, or expansion, of a vessel or chamber.

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Diuretic
a class of medicines that act on the kidneys to produce more urine, reducing fluid retention and congestion

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Echocardiogram:
a test that uses ultrasound to view the heart chambers, valves and surrounding tissues. Function and blood flow can be assessed.

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Electrocardiogram:
a test that records the electrical activity of the heart. Information about heart rate, rhythm and electrical conduction are recorded. Evidence of damage, ischaemia and hypertrophy can be identified

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Glucose
a sugar that is an essential source of energy for the body.

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Haemoglobin
a complex protein-iron compound in the blood that carries oxygen to the cells from the lungs and carbon dioxide away from the cells to the lungs.

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Haemorrhage
the medical term for bleeding. In common usage, a haemorrhage means particularly severe bleeding

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Hypertension
persistently high blood pressure.

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Hypertrophy
an increase in size of a tissue, organ or muscle

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Insulin
a hormone produced by the pancreas that enables the body to use glucose to create energy

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Ischaemia
a loss or reduction of blood flow (and therefore oxygen) to tissues

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Myalgia
pain in a muscle or muscles.

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Myocarditis
an acute inflammation of the heart muscle. It may lead to cardiomyopathy

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Nitroglycerin
a medicine used to treat episodes of angina. It is usually administered under the…