There are various cultures in the world. Cultural diversity has brought cross cultural interactions beyond geographical boundaries. Every culture has values and beliefs which reflects cultural and social influences, relationships, and personal needs in an individual. Health cultural values “shape human behaviors and determine what individuals will do to maintain their health status, how they will care for themselves, and others who become ill, and where and from whom they will seek health care” (Edelman & Mandle, 2010). Transcultural nursing is a practice to transform health care and help people of diverse cultures. An analysis of Leninger's vision for the work of transcultural nursing indicates that there are many barriers and
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Family likes to participate in the care of the client. Indians believe in the concept of Karma, which means chronic illness and disabilities are attributed to destiny or actions in the past life. Although India utilizes western medicine, traditional medicines such Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Acupressure, Acupuncture, Naturopathy, and Yoga are still being practiced extensively. Indians are very fond of spicy food that is cooked in a traditional way. India is very well equipped with modern technology and health facilities for health care in both public and private sectors. In this modern age, the Indian government is well focused in illness prevention and health promotion. There are resources available in the government sector to the underprivileged population to maintain, protect, and restore health through immunization programs and physical health screenings. Treatment in the government hospitals is free of cost. Education on health promotion is emphasized through media, bill boards, and printed materials in several native languages (Shapiro, 2003).
The Middle Eastern community known as The “Arab World” includes 22 countries. The majority of the population is Muslim (Islamic religion). Arab heritage and Islamic religion emphasizes on maintaining good health through good personal hygiene and eating a healthy diet. The Arabs strongly believe in their customs, traditions, values, and