High and Late Renaissance in Italy Following the artistic developments of the early renaissance came a period from late 15th through the 16th century, called the High Renaissance. This period was the height of the combined stylistic creations of the early Renaissance. Many famous artists thrived in this period, producing beautiful artwork, of which much is considered masterpieces. This period of artistic flourish provided for some of the most famous artists in history including Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, and Michelangelo. Leonardo da Vinci is considered the most influential artist and thinker of this time. He, unlike many other artists, did not idealize nature. He had many interests in science and the natural world, which contributed to his incredible ability to portray subjects and scenes surrounding them in the way that they were actually viewed. His paintings, among many of his other achievements show his profound knowledge of the human anatomy, light, human expression, and his subtle progression of tone. In Leonardo da Vinci’s Madonna of the Rocks, many of these qualities are shown. As previously stated, Leonardo “believed modeling with light and shadow and expressing emotional states were the heart of painting” (Kleiner, 259). The figures in this painting are The Virgin Mary, Christ child, John the Baptist, and an angel, all of whom seem to be separated by fantastic light and shadow from the dull light of the echoing landscape. Leonardo uses the prevalent technique of atmospheric perspective, from the early Italian Renaissance, to give this painting depth and to make his subjects appear as if there were miles of air between them and the landscape. More of these stylistic features appear in one of Leonardo’s, and perhaps the world’s, most famous portrait, the Mona Lisa. His, often used, technique of chiaroscuro, is shown by the illuminated, plausible subject of, Lisa di Antonio Maria Gherardini contrasting with the somber, blurred background. This is combined with atmospheric perspective to guide the viewer to the details of the lively subject. Leonardo da Vinci also, often, used gradual tones to create curiosity. This is called sfmuato and this technique smoothed sharp edges, blending the light with shadow. In Mona Lisa’s smile, this technique is used, eliminating the lines in her face that would clearly depict her emotion; however, because these facial features are blended, there is a lingering question as to whether she is smiling from happiness or whether this is an expression of sorrow. Raphael’s style greatly changed from his schooling in “the Studio of Perugino” (Kleiner, 263), upon seeing the work of Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo. His painting of Madonna in the Meadow contains influence from Leonardo da Vinci’s tendency of pyramidal grouping and Michelangelo’s sculptural quality of figures, discussed later. Raphael differs from both of these artists, however, in using clarity in both his figures and everything surrounding them. There is no difference in light to detach the subjects from a mysterious backdrop and the figures contain Raphael’s “definitive rendering of this sublime theme of grace and dignity” (Kleiner, 263); areas where Raphael creates his own ingenious identity in the High Renaissance period. Michelangelo, though proficient in many artistic styles and mediums, “thought of himself, first, as a sculptor” (Kleiner, 265). He believed that sculptors get to “make man” from images of the mind. These images of the mind are not to be confused with being developed in the mind, however. Rather, Michelangelo, just as Leonardo da Vinci and many other Renaissance artists believed that these ideas are…
To whom it my concern,
Hello my name is Omari Martin; as far back as I can remember I have wanted to attend Detroit Renaissance High School. Since learning what is required to become a student at Detroit Renaissance High School I have worked hard to maintain the required grade point average as well as citizenship requirements.
I currently attend David Ellis academy west, for my 7th grade year I attended David Ellis academy east. During my 7th Grade year I achieved merit scholar…
January 30, 2014
The Italian renaissance all started with a group of Italian thinkers came to a conclusion that this old era and age is over, it’s time for a rebirth. This is rebirth of new learning for art and literature and culture. The early humanists, such as writer Francesco Petrarch, looked a lot into the ancient Greeks and studied their philosophy’s and the teachings of the Roman catholic church Under the influence of the humanists, literature and the arts climbed…
masters of the High Renaissance era. However, I think it would be erroneous assertion that the style of Leonardo, Michelangelo and Raphael is just the result of some special conditions, certain processes occurring in those grand years. In my opinion, both these assertion has a right to life, at that are equally and simultaneously. Style is not always transmits particularity of time in which it arises and develops, and often only embodies the ideals and dreams of the creators. The Renaissance era is a prime…
The baroque and renaissance periods are two different periods. The renaissance period rolled into the baroque era. There were changes made over the years from the baroque to the renaissance period. Differences in style accumulated along with views of art and music.
Baroque era covers the period between 1600 and 1750 beginning with Monte Verdi (birth of opera) and ended with deaths of Bach and Handel. The term baroque music is borrowed from the art history. It follows the Renaissance era (1400-1600)…
ARTISTIC CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE RENAISSANCE
By the sixteenth century, the Renaissance had spread throughout Europe, impacting
literature, science, philosophy, religion, politics, and art. However, the Renaissance initial started
in Italy with people such as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo, who studied many types of art.
Many people consider leonardo da Vinci to be the best of the Renaissance Man”—someone
whose intellectual achievements and interests span a wide variety of fields in art…
1. How do Raphael's pictures in the Vatican Stanza della Segatura (his Disputa and School of Athens, aka Philosophy), epitomize High Renaissance humanism?
The Room of the Segnatura contains Raphael's most famous frescoes. Besides being the first work executed by the great artist in the Vatican they mark the beginning of the high Renaissance. The room takes its name from the highest court of the Holy See, the "Segnatura Gratiae et Iustitiae", which was presided over by the pontiff…
DBQ FOCUS: The Renaissance
The middle ages were characterized as a period of war and plague in the European history. Suffering persisted in this period and was only elevated with the promise of heaven by the Church. The step away from this society, also known as the Renaissance movement, served as bridge between the middle ages and the renaissance period. Thought changed from a religious background towards a more secular one. Many new and important works of writing…
Study Guide for Chapter 30
Leading figure of the Renaissance
Printing Press: A type of press that used a movable type
Johannes Gutenberg: Inventor of the printing press
Michelangelo: One of the greatest sculptors and painters in history
Titian: The city’s greatest Renaissance painter
Albrecht Durer: He earned fame for his paintings, drawings, prints, and writings on art
Nicolaus Copernicus: Often called the father of modern astronomy
Andreas Vesalius: An outstanding scientist who…
Leonardo Da vinci
Oil on Wood panel
Art of the High Renaissance
- probably the world’s most famous painting, became the standard in art at the time
- It was one of the fist paintings that seems to be looking at you directly in the eyes making it intriguing.
- The painting look simple but complex in the face espresions.
Creation Of Adam
Art of the High Renaissance
- God seems to be almost touching Adam with his finger but in reality…
Italian Renaissance was a defining time period in what today is a stable and healthy modern Europe. Between the 14th and 16th century, Europe experienced war, societal, political and cultural change, and technological achievements; all of which signified the transition from “Medieval” Europe, to early modern Europe. Another significant transition made was through sculpting and art. Art during the Italian Renaissance was widely considered as an advancement not only through the Italian Renaissance but…