Egyptians and Mesopotamians The Egyptians and Mesopotamians are very similar and very different. They both played a key part in history. Both believed in polytheism and both had a king or pharaoh. Some differences are that in Mesopotamia the king had to answer to an assembly but the pharaoh was free to do what he pleased. The Egyptians believed that the world was stable and predictable but the Mesopotamians believed that it was unstable. Ancient Egypt was a civilization far ahead of its time. Ancient Egypt created paper high heels and condoms. Their general outlook on life was that life is balanced and predictable or maat meaning world in perfect order. The government was very centralized. It was broken up into 42 nomes with a governors appointed by the Pharaoh. The Pharaoh was the ruler of Egypt and was considered to be a living god. His eldest son is always his successor and was normally appointed while his father was still alive. The royal lived lavish lifestyle which was maintained by the heavy amount of taxes. Everything was recorded including wills, conscription lists, tax lists, letters, trades and trial transcripts. The law and justice system was based on common sense of moral wright and wrong. There was no real need for a military because of the natural barriers preventing invaders Because they did not have to worry much about invaders, they were able to create an elaborate religion. This religion guided their every aspect. They believed in polytheism, worship of many deities. All together the religion consisted of two-thousand gods and goddesses some being local and some were worshiped nationwide. The gods and goddesses usually part human and part animal. The animals were almost always a bull, cat, or crocodile because they were deemed as holy. The chief gods were Amon-Ra and Osiris. Amon-Ra was the sun god and lord of the Universe. He is often credited for creating the world. Osiris was the god of the underworld. He was responsible for creating a peaceful after life. Death was considered to be the most important part, a lot of time and money is spent in after life preparations. The ancient Mesopotamians created a government that was a theocracy. Kings ruled the people. Elected officials who served in the Assembly also ruled the people. Even kings had to ask the Assembly for permission to do certain things. Law held a special place in their civilization. Sumerian laws were not written down, but people knew what they were and they knew what could happen to you if you broke the law. The Sumerian laws clearly said how you had to behave and what your punishment would be if you did not behave correctly. The laws that were later written down by the ancient Babylonians were, for the most part, laws first created by the ancient Sumerians. The code of Hammurabi was created by the king Hammurabi for the Babylonians. The Babylonians were the first culture to create an organized religion. They were a mythopoeic culture; myths make up a part of the culture, such as the epic of Gilgamesh. Rituals are developed such as sacrifice and…
Qin Shi Huangdi and Han Wudi had many similar methods when it came to their belief system, structure of government, and policies toward their people; such as, both Han and Qin having a centralized government. However, they also had many differences in their rulings; Qin used legalists in his government and killed hundreds of Confucists, while Han made Confucianism the state philosophy for his empire and started a school to teach Confucist ideals.
Qin Shi Haungdi and Han Wudi…
Civilization along the Nile: Egypt
- Egypt= " the gift of the Nile "
- major crop= cotton
- Nile flows South to North and empties into the Mediterranean Sea
- 150 years ago= John Spekes found the source of the Nile which is Lake Victoria in Uganda (lake was named after Queen Victoria)
- Reasons Why it was Difficult to Invade Egypt
1. to the east and west= Sahara Desert
2. the Nile River had six huge waterfalls that would be tough to get through
- Ancient Egypt= "Kemet" which means the land…
Western Civilization I
Ancient Egypt. Films on Demand.
How would life today be different if we didn’t have ancient Egyptian pharaohs? That is the main question that seems to pop in my head every time I think about this certain time. To have someone powerful stand over you or on top of you and rule you is much used today. I think about this sort of situations if we didn’t have any type of rulers. I feel that having these pharaohs to control people was one of the best…
The first Egyptian pharaoh
-King Narmer, also known as warrior-king Menes, was the first Egyptian pharaoh to rule over a united upper and Lower Egypt from 2950 BCE. He built the city of Memphis and made it his capital.
-he began the era of dynasties in Egypt.
Zoser was the first pharaoh of the Third Dynasty of Egypt. It was his wish to be buried in a different fashion from the pharaohs who preceded him. This led to the construction of the first pyramid in Egypt. It was designed…
Caste System of Ancient Indian in Comparison to the Class System of Ancient Egypt
Throughout history, different social organizations and structures have successfully implemented themselves into everyday life. As societies evolve, these systems and structures are altered and changed to better suit the needs of its members. Although the details and small concepts of many civilizations and social organizations are still in effect today, it is recognized that lifestyles and systems of the…
Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia had many political and cultural similarities such as both societies had a hierarchy and were theocracies, they both relied heavily on trade and agriculture, and both believed that their ruling had a connection to the gods. However, they also had many differences some being Mesopotamia used cuneiform and Egypt used hieroglyphics, Hammurabi's code was followed by the Mesopotamian's and the Egyptians were governed by the Pharaoh, Mesopotamia is made up of city-states…
Saint Louis University
Imagine if you will a time long ago, an ancient civilization, one of mystery and intrigue, steeped in culture and charm, riches and spirituality. A civilization shrouded in all this and more. How exciting would it have been to live in this the most unique culture of ancient past? That is what ancient Egypt had to offer. If you are like me you will be captivated by the ancient history of Egypt. Not to say this civilization…
Presentation: Ancient Egypt
Ancient Egypt most certainly meets the criteria for a civilisation as it contains much of the elements that make up our own modern society. These include a social hierarchy, government, religion, military force, monuments, trading system, wealth and power, reliable food and water sources and its own written language. Egypt had a complex system much like our own and therefore I would argue a true civilisation with the following points.
Ancient Egypt was a Complex…
corpse to achieve this effect. Embalming has a very long and cross-cultural history, with many cultures giving the embalming processes a greater religious meaning. Embalming has been practiced in many cultures (Although not common in Zimbabwe). In classical antiquity, perhaps the ancient culture that had developed embalming to the greatest extent was that of Egypt, which developed the process of mummification. The Ancient Egyptians believed that preservation of the mummy empowered the soul after death…
Western World I
Answer the following as TRUE or FALSE
1. Harshepsut was Egypt’s most famous indigenous woman Pharaoh. True
2. Maat stood for truth and righteousness and balance. True
3. Osiris and Thanatos were both gods of death in their cultures. False
4. Apsu was the god of salt water. False
5. Tiamat was destroyed by Anu. False
6. Humankind was created with clay and the blood of Kingu. True
7. Holofernes was an Aakaadian general. False
8. Hathor’s symbol was a…