I. The Long Term Origins and Causes of the Spanish Civil War a. Ideological i. Socialism (PSOE) 1. Began to develop from the Bolshevik Revolution 2. Growing liberal movement throughout Spain 3. Remained Ineffective 4. Could not figure out how to unite Indalincao Pirato moderate 5. Largo Caballeao is the radical socialist ii. Anarchism (FAI) 6. Stemmed from the land distribution 7. Grandees held most of the land 8. Opposed democratic practices, active in urban trade 9. Spain had been in decline since the Elizabethan Era a. After 17th century not really a superpower b. Political iii. Historical Military Involvement in the Government 10. Proven itself to be largely ineffective in Morocco in 1906 and 1926 11. Spanish military was too large and too top heavy 12. Massive officer corp. made up of upper/middle class folk iv. Political Instability 13. 1820- Spanish army backed by liberals overthrew Spanish monarchy and also established constitutional monarchy 14. 1821- Absolute monarchy is restored; Spain lost in the Mexican war of independence 15. 1833- death of King Ferdinand of Spain; current line of Bourbons 16. 1833-69- Reign of the Queens; more oppressive; characterized by role of Military and government 17. 1869-70- Anarchist revolts 18. 1870-71 Monarchy overthrown; Establishment of First Spanish Republic 19. 1871- Army moves to replace constitutional monarchy 20. 1875-1918- because of democracy 21. 1921- Army massacred by the moors in Morocco; key group of officers known as the Africanistas (includes Francisco Franco) 22. 1923-30- General Primo de Rivera seizes control of the government; does not remove the monarch c. Economic v. Ownership of the land 23. Agricultural economy that was unable to provide food for itself 24. Central and southern Spain the Grandees owned Latifundias vi. Rise of the Anarchists 25. Industrial area of Spain is in the north 26. Riot broke out and the military was sent in 27. The church supports the wealthy landowners 28. The poor looks to the anarchists vii. Catholic Agrarian Foundation 29. Appealed to more conservative elements 30. Provided some support if the people stood against the socialists viii. Trade Unions 31. The urban areas: the poor had less loyalty to the church 32. Wages were bad, housing was horrible, little in the way of social welfare 33. UGT- Socialist led 34. CNT- Anarchist led 35. Power rests in people and strike (collective power) 36. Businesses never feared the unions because of surplus amount ix. Boom- 1914-1918 37. They provide food for both sides of the war 38. Increased exports x. Bust 1918-1923 39. Expansion of wartime years collapses d. Religious xi. Union of Church and State 40. Conservative government supported the Church 41. Church given power over education 42. Church assist financially the conservative only and government II. The Short Term Origins and Causes of the Spanish Civil War e. Political xii. De Rivera Coup & Authoritarian Right 43. Created political stability 44. Industrial production triples 45. Ends wars in Morocco 46. Debt continues to build 47. The wall street crash of 1929- Rivera resigns in 1930…
it to Cape of Good Hope (1487)
* Many ships were lost in the Cape of Good Hope (tricky waters)
A decade later
Vasco de Gamma made it to India
* Kinda made less because of Columbus
Christopher Columbus (Greatest Best Fail in History)
* Portuguese did not believe in him
* He would not admit about reaching the east
* He first landed in the Bahamas
* Took a native on board his ship back to Spain
* Indian got its name because Columbus thought he was…
American history 2
SLAVERY AND THE CIVIL WAR
Fugitive slave law- need one other white to prove hes a slave, just because you move to free state doesn’t make you free
Dred scott decision
The emancipation proclamation
Arguments for abolition- had to convince the whites slavery was a sin, slavery was a threat to the independence and success of white people. Places small farmers in competition with wealth plantation owners
Slavery inhibited education and social improvements and kept poor…
Baroque Art History Notes
RELIGION is huge in the Baroque period.
*1517 Martin luther walked up to the door of the church and nails a piece of paper, 95 Thesis.
It was 95 complaints of the Roman Catholic Church in the 16th century.
He felt that the church had become corrupted by power and greed. Had moved away from the commom man and moved toward the ELITE.
Reformation : turned into the Protestant Reformation. Never intended to break away but Martin Luther had to run away…
History Notes (3.2.14-10.2.14)
From Toni Dimkovska
Summarising 3rd February 2014
Australians in the early 20th century were found to do anything for Britain even if it was against the majority of Australian peoples wishes.
Australian soldiers started resisting against the British Army because, they didn’t like the Britain’s decisions. Therefore the relationship between Australia & Britain started going downwards.
Australian & New Zealander soldiers gained professional skills that got…
PROBLEMS WITH SOURCES::
Over 30 past years, historians have been challenging traditional story
Lawmakers keep paintings of Columbus in the capital
Yet as historians start adding more voices to the story, differing interpretations emerge.
BASIC POINT: THE STORY IS RELETIVE
Probably the #1 source of information on the planet---Neutrality
Adolf Hitler=George Washington because of unconditional neutrality
in the world. Stimulated mining, brought about farm settlements along railrads, provided people with a means of transporting food, increased immigration through european advertisements. Railroads also transformed the land in the tallgrass prairies (IA,IL, KS, NE), pines of the midwest wiped out. Time zones started. Railroads made millionaires, a new aristocracy. With big money, corruption, overselling a railroad’s actual value. Railroaders bribed governments and Railroad kings had more idrect…
Impressionism (1865 – 1900)
• Depiction of everyday, leisure class life
• To capture the fleeting, ever changing effects of dappled light
• Style/painting approach influenced by two inventions: 1. The portable camera and 2. Paint tubes (portable)
• Commercially available paint allows for painting ‘en plein air’
• Artists capture a quick impression of a scene using painterly, choppy fleeting brush strokes (evidence of the artist’s hand)
• Considered messy and unfinished by…
Abolition and Anti-Slavery Politics 1748-1848
A trans-Atlantic development
I. Ideological Sources of Abolitionism
a. Scottish moral philosophers
i. Francis Hutcheson 1694-1746
ii. Adam Ferguson (1723-1816)
iii. Adam Smith (1723-1790)
b. They all said that slavery was bad, inhumane
John Wesley (1708-1791)
Said human bondage was evil
Was a minister and convinced that the scriptures (bible) slavery was evil
Traveled to Georgia in the 1730s and saw African Americans in bondage on plantations…
Civil War." The American Civil
War Home Page. 16 Feb. 2002. Web. 02 Jan. 2012. <http://www.civilwarhome.com/unionconfedindians.htm>.
"Cherokee." Whoa... Web. 04 Jan. 2012.
"Cherokee Wars." Dictionary of American History. 2003. Encyclopedia.com. 3 Jan. 2012
Hodge, Frederick W. "Cherokee Indian Tribe." Access Genealogy: A Free Genealogy
Resource. Web. 04 Jan. 2012. <http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/cherokee/cherohist.htm>…