The Analects of Confucius were written about 500 BC and are traditionally attributed to Confucius. However, much of the actual text was written by his immediate followers over time following his death. The source is “read as a collection of profound musings on politics, morality, personal behavior, family, and culture. The Analects of Confucius is an anthology of brief passages that present the words of Confucius and his disciples, describe Confucius as a man, and recount some of the events of his life. The original audience of the words recorded in the Analects was made up of Confucius’s disciples, who passed down their master’s teachings to their own disciples, who in turn wrote them down in what eventually became the Analects. The book was used as an instructional manual to inculcate in future generations the moral values Confucius believed were critical for political leadership. In written form, Confucius’s teachings reached a wider audience, going well beyond the circle of its intended readers—rulers, officials, and aspiring “superior men.” The Analects have greatly influenced the moral and philosophical values of China and other countries in Eastern Asia. The text has remained a fundamental course of study for any would-be Chinese scholar for over two thousand years. The main idea of the source is that a man should lead an upright life, educate himself, and contribute to the betterment of society. The superior man, Confucius says, respects elders, cultivates the friendship of good people, presides over his subordinates with a fair and even hand, continually educates himself, overflows with love for fellow human beings, and in general sets a good example for others to follow. Most of his observations show a world sinking into barbarism and terror. Unable to obtain a strong political role like he desired, he reformed
Confucius (551–479 BC) was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history.
The philosophy of Confucius emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice and sincerity. His followers competed successfully with many other schools during the Hundred Schools of Thought era only to be suppressed in favor of the Legalists during the Qin Dynasty. Following the victory of Han over Chu after the collapse…
(Whyte 2004). In return, under the law of reciprocity by Confucius teaching (Confucius 1885), the elders of the family usually help their child with housework and childcare (Li 2011).Contrastingly, although the aboriginal culture expect the young members of the tribe , totemic groups or clans, to pay respect to the elders…
religion I have found many things that are very interesting that many may not know about the Chinese way of life. . There are documents that show how much the Chinese worshipped their ancestors. One of the most important artifacts that have helped with history is the oracle bones. These were made to ask questions to be answered by the supernatural powers. The powers produced cracks in the bone and those were interpreted as the response. The answer was written down and their credibility of being correct…
Evans HUM 2210 REVIEW SHEET EXAM 1
1. Features that identify a society as "civilized"
a. Agriculture (irrigation) and breeding of animals = surplus food (goats, peig, cattle, sheep). Wheat, barley, rice, and maize.(Sci&Tech- polish stone tools. Ex: stone sickles)
b. Cities: large apartment settlements= standard architecture & surplus manpower
c. Writing (“gifts of the gods”)= records. Pictograph, ideogram, cuneiform.
Confucianism. Then, this paper will explain the Confucian ideal of the superior person or Junzi. Finally, Confucianism’s place in modern China will be examined.
The Five Great Relationships
According to Molloy in Experiencing the World’s Religions (2013), Confucius saw people through their relationships with others; how the relationships shaped the character and determined the person's place in society. Of all the interactions people have, five are viewed as the most important and archetypes for others. The…
knowledge is incomplete
The Myceneans Linear B
Excavated in 1876: German Heinrich Schliemann
Greatest single hoard of gold, silver, and ivory before the discovery of Tutankhamen’s tomb
Importance of geography in Greek history
Minoan Crete, 2000-1450 B.C.E.
Height between 2000 and 1450 B.C.E.
Sudden and catastrophic collapse around 1450 B.C.E.
Mycenaean Greeks, 1600-1100 B.C.E.
Flourished from 1400 to 1200 B.C.E.
Indo-European / warrior people
Centre for Contemporary Chinese Studies
Former President of the British Association of Chinese Studies
Confucius and education
The traditional Chinese education system
The paradox of the Chinese learner
Chinese perceptions of the role of the teacher and student
head. Very easy to know who came over to the Manchu side and do away with the problem of loyalty.
They also said no more foot binding for the women. They couldn’t change it because women never went out.
Manchu’s had made the promise of bringing morality back to government.
In some ways they brought a veneer way of Confucian government.
Yes you can observe mourning for three years, but you must remain at your post. This went against old style Confucian government.
c. Alexander anointed as pharaoh of Egypt, declared to be “son of the gods”
3. Alexander died in 323 b.c.e.; empire divided into three kingdoms, ruled by Macedonian
4. Alexander’s conquests were most important in world history terms for creation of the
Hellenistic era (323–30 b.c.e.)
a. dissemination of Greek culture through much of Asia and Egypt
b. role of cities in spread of Greek culture
i. Alexander and successors established many cities
ii. many thousands of…
Hinduism is dominant religion in some regions of India. It consists of many diverse traditions including Shaivism, Vaishnavism, and Shaktism. Hinduism also consists of a wide spectrum of laws of daily morality based on karma, dharma, and societal norms. Raja Rammohan Roy, an Indian social reformer, first used the work Hinduism in 1816 and 1817. It is and English word that he used to describe the religion of his ancestors who believed in the unity of…