The events that led to the declaration of war against Spain in 1898 provide a revealing view of the forces shaping foreign policy as the nation entered the twentieth century. America's long tradition of isolationism gave way to a seemingly irresistible imperialist impulse. In 1895, nationalist rebels in Cuba tried to put an end to Spain's colonial control, and by 1897 the cry of "Cuba Libre" attracted a powerful following in the United States. Insurgents controlled over half of the island, mostly inland, while the Spanish held the coastline and cities. The rebellion had taken an ugly turn when the Spanish commander, General Valeriano Weyler sought to weaken the guerilla forces by dividing Cuba into districts and forcing inhabitants into "reconcentration centers." The realities were bad enough, but U.S. "yellow journalism" picked up the cause in a competition for readers. Rival newspapers started to fight over who would publish what. Under intense pressure from Cuban rebels and the American government, Spain pledged to end their repression and move toward greater Cuban autonomy. But a diplomatic "bomb" exploded when a letter from the Spanish minister, Enrique Dupuy de Lome, was leaked to the press. Published in the New York Herald on February 90, 1898, the de Lome letter insulted President McKinley and intimated that the Spanish were not negotiating in good faith. Minister called McKinley a vast amount of insults such as a low life politician and other nasty things. This was followed by a real bad and deadly explosion. Rioting by Cuban rebels in Havana had prompted the American consul there to request the presence of an American warship, and the battleship Maine steamed into Havana harbor. A week later, on February 15, 1898 a 3:32 pm, the Maine exploded and sunk, killing over 260 crew members. Convinced that the Maine was sunk "by an act of dirty treachery on the part of the Spaniards," Assistant Secretary of Navy Theodore Roosevelt flew into action. Wanting to strike "a paralyzing blow at the outset of the war," Roosevelt got a hold of Commodore George Dewey, commander of the American Asiatic squadron based in Japan, ordering him to move the fleet into position: "In the event of declaration of war see that the Spanish squadron does not leave the Asiatic coast then begin making offensive operations in Philippine Islands." Bowing to intense public pressure, McKinley sent the Spanish a blunt ultimatum: Cuban independence or war. The Spanish government refused to back down, and McKinley asked Congress for a declaration of war on April 11. Congress hastily put together a declaration of war for President McKinley. Waning to engage the enemy in battle, Roosevelt promptly resigned his desk job and starting an organization known to many as he rough riders. Having accepted on Roosevelt’s orders, Roosevelt’s first man Dewy was in the perfect position to smash through the Spanish squadron. By the end of it 5,000 Americans had died, but on the bright side less then 400 were battle casualties.
Theodore “T.R.” Roosevelt
Teddy Roosevelt was the United States twenty-sixth president. His presidential term started on September 14, 1901 until March 4, 1909. He took the office after the assassination of our twenty-fifth President, WIlliam McKinley. At the age of forty-two Roosevelt became the youngest president in the nation’s history. He led Congress, and the American Public towards a strong foreign policy and progressive reforms. TR was also the first President to be awarded with the…
Born on 27 October 1858 in New York City, Theodore Roosevelt spent his childhood in a winning struggle against asthma. He strengthened his body through sheer self will and taught himself to ride, box, and shoot. In 1880, he graduated from Harvard University and turned to the writing of history. Two years later, he published his Naval War of 1812 which is still regarded as a standard study of the subject.
Also in 1882, he ran as an independent Republican for the…
declares war on Spain
-Dewey destroys Spanish fleet in Philippines
-Treaty of Paris
-War on Philippines on May 1, 1898
Key figures that support claim/thesis statement:
-William Randolph Hearst
I don’t think that Spanish American war is the most significant movement of the 19th century because it didn’t contribute much to America but the war of 1812 emerged America as a world power…
What were Teddy Roosevelt's views about America's role in the world?
President Roosevelt wanted to increase America’s influence and make America a global power. He believed that the influence would propagate from American ideals and values, which would influence other countries. He also advocated that diplomatically, a President must be willing to used force when necessary. Roosevelt was also known for his aggressive stance on foreign policy. He wanted a world where the world would use diplomacy…
November 5, 2013
Roosevelt vs. Roosevelt
When it comes to Franklin Roosevelt and Theodore Roosevelt, many people assume they are more alike than not. Yet, when it comes to their time in office, they are more different than most people care to admit. While Franklin Roosevelt was a liberal leader, Theodore Roosevelt was a progressive leader. Though both Franklin Roosevelt and Theodore Roosevelt are somewhat similar in terms of political policy and rise to the…
Document: Theodore Roosevelt: The Threat of Japan, 1909 [At Mt. Holyoke]
For my history assignment, I chose the document “Theodore Roosevelt’s The Threat of Japan”. After the Meiji Restoration in 1868, modernization took place, bringing Japan to the height of power equivalent to a western power after defeating both China and Russia. United States was maintaining its policy of isolationism but was slowly transitioning to self interest imperialism, keeping control over countries…
Theodore Roosevelt's Early Life
Theodore Roosevelt was born on October 27, 1858 in New York City. He was known as “Teedie” in his early years and after renamed “Teddy”. Teddy Roosevelt was born as a week, frail and very sick boy. As he became a teenager he began a program of gymnastics and weightlifting so that he could build up strength and prove otherwise his condition. When he was graduating from Harvard College in 1880, Teddy married a fair…
Although the assassination took place on the 6th of September with two bullets fired, the president passed away on September 14th from gangrene caused by the bullet wounds in his abdomen. The same day, Vice President at the time, Theodor Roosevelt was sworn in as the President of the United States.
Leon Czolgosz, the anarchist, believed in the abolition of all government and the organization of society on a voluntary, cooperative basis without recourse to force or compulsion. This belief…
When Theodore Roosevelt was born he was a sickly and underweight baby soon after his birth he got a baby brother named Elliot to make a total of three siblings, him, Elliot, and their older sister Bamie. In only a few years it seemed apparent that “Teddy” would never be a very healthy person. Hs “abundance of natural energy” made no difference to the fact that his chronic cholera morbus and asthma were so bad as to leave him indisposed for days at the time. During these periods of idleness he read…
Running head: ELEANOR ROOSEVELT
Delmarva Christian Highschool
It has been said that women are similar to heroes. Throughout history, millions of women have managed to balance work, raise children, and care for their personal affairs, all while having dinner ready on the table for their hungry families. Imagine the added responsibility of being the first lady of the United States. The wife of a president must be a superhero because…