May 15, 2015
Marlene and Debbie
African Americans faced many disadvantages and challenges during the 1950s. They were segregated in cafes , restaurants, schools and other pleases. After the American Civil War in 1865, black people in the American south were no longer slaves, but they were considered less than whites.This changed in 1954. “Racial segregation is ruled unconstitutional in public schools by the U.S supreme court.”On this day in 1954, in the case of Brown v. Board of
Education, the Supreme Court ruled that racial segregation of schools was unconstitutional. In
Brown v. Board of Education, which was a claim by the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational
Fund, a unanimous Court declared segregated education systems unconstitutional.That’s when they picked nine African American students to integrate a white schools. This quote illustrates the theme of Racism and connects to other events that showed how rough it was. For example,
Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a public bus in Montgomery, Alabama.
On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks, a 42yearold African American woman who worked as a seamstress, boarded this Montgomery City bus to go home from work. On that day she refused to give up her seat for a white person because she felt she had the right to sit on the bus.
These are very important events in history. This is because without these event our society won't be as developed as it is now. Our society may not be perfect but it isn't as bad as it seems it was when we weren't all treated as equal. There may still be people that feel like whites and blacks should not hang or be in the same school but you can redo history. United We Stand. Divided
We Fall and that is what make us strong.
What does race Influenced how we view ourselves and live or lives?
When Melba was twelve years old, the Supreme Court ruled that separate schools for whites were illegal, a ruling called Brown v. the Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas. In the
year after the ruling, Melba didnt see much change in segregation. She was still at an allblack high school, but she and sixteen other black students signed up to attend the white school.
Since there was the threat of violence, the number of black students who would of participate in the integration was decreased from seventeen to nine. Several times in the few days before school is supposed to start, lawsuits were filed that threaten to stop the nine students.
Governor Faubus declared that he was going to send the Arkansas National Guard to the high school, though he did not say whether they were there to protect the nine or to stop them from entering the school. Grandma India began to stay awake at night with a shotgun near her. Finally, a few days after school has started, federal court judge Ronald Davies ordered that the students be allowed to attend.
On September 3, 1957 it was Melba's first day of class. A huge white mob gathered, and the Arkansas National Guard encircled the school.That is when the mob started to chase melba and her mother.Afterwards President Eisenhower and Governor Faubus met and attempted to resolve the problem of integration in Arkansas, but the meeting was unsuccessful, on September
20, 1957, the State of Arkansas gone to federal court before Judge Davies. Judge Davies ruled that the Arkansas National Guard must be removed and that the Little Rock Nine must be allowed into Central High School. Governor Faubus removed the guard and predicted that blood will run in the streets of Little Rock if the schools were integrated.
On Monday, September 23, 1957, Melba and the others went to school. They were again greeted by a mob of angry white people again.