Founded around 100CE by King Ezana
Adopted Coptic Christianity or Egyptian Christianity
Believe Christ is of two natures full humanity and full divinity.
Used gold based currency fetched by merchants whom traveled to the southern highlands outside the kingdom
Paid with salt, iron, and cattle
Weren't as logically connected or consistent as other Middle Eastern or Mediterranean kingdoms. Aksum Imperialism, Crisis, and Fall
Roman and Sassanid Empires were being invaded by nomads traveling from central Asia and Russia. Because of this naval trade declined and the province of Yemen was forced to rely on camel caravan trade along the coast of Arabia. It Is said that a Jewish usurper arose from the northern end of the caravan route and seized the Yemen throne and persecuted all practicing Christians populating the area.
After defeating the usurper the Aksumite King was able to stabilize Yemen politically and make it a regular province.
The Aksum would eventually lose this province to Sassanid Persians who wanted to establish their govt. at the entrance of the Red Sea.
The Sassanid Persians would also seize control over the entire India and East African trade and because Aksum depended so much on trade the kingdom would fall.
The Spread of Villages in Sub Saharan Africa
By 600BCE agriculture and pastoralism became popular in West Africa when people started to move into it's three ecological zones
Sahel- Northern most zone located on the dry south side of the Saharan desert
Savanna (most populated)-grasslands spanning from Guinea to Somalia
Rainforest- 150 mile wide belt along the coast on Guinea all the way to Cameroon
West African Savanna and Rainforest Agriculture
During 600BCE densest villages located in savannas of inland delta of Niger and Senegal Rivers.
Village Jenne -Jeno developed into major urban center
Evidence of trans-Saharan trade liesin two chemically analyzed glass beads from India, southeast Asia, or East Asia and the