History Of American History

Submitted By karleyxo
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Dred Scott decision: -slave master brought Scott from slave state of Missouri to free state Illinois ruled against by 5th amendment

Underground R/R- system of escape routes.

Nat Turner- attacked 4 plantations, killed about 60 whites. Eventually captured and killed.

Missouri Compromise- settlers in Missouri requested admission into the union
-behind leadership of henry clay.
-Under agreements Maine was admitted as a free state and Missouri as a slave state. -South of line slavery is legal, north (exempt in Missouri) slavery was banned.

Ft. Sumter- on an island in Charleston harbor

Antietam – creek where battle between lee and McClellan fought.
-bloodiest single day battle

William Lloyd Garrison- most radicle white abolishionist.
-young editor

Jefferson Davis- elected by confederates for president of Mississippi (former senator)

Sharecropping- system in which landowners gave farm workers land, seed, and tools in return for a part of the crops they raise

Carpetbaggers- northerner who moved to the south after the civil war

Uncle Toms Cabin- book published by harriet breecher stowe which stressed that slevery was not just a political contest but a great moral struggle, (1842)

John Brown- on oct 16 1859 he led a band of 21 onto harpers ferry. Tried and put to death.

Q: Discuss the strengths/weaknesses of machine politics.
A political machine is a political organization in which an authoritative boss or small group commands the support of a corps of supporters and businesses who receive rewards for their efforts. There were many advantages and disadvantages to these organizations. A strength that the political machine upheld was that it did help immigrants, and gave out jobs to their supporters. The weaknesses of the political machine were that it was a cause of corruption. The organization had too much power and control. The only thing these machines really cared about was the peoples vote.

Q: Compare/contrast Booker T. Washington to W.E.B DuBois. Booker T. Washington believed in civil rights through evolution and W.E.B DuBois believed in civil rights through revolution. Washington believed that blacks could not be in a position to improve their standing until their