In many countries national prisons are operated and supplemented by provinces and state counterparts. Prisoners are held in prisons and jails throughout the country and globally convicted of various crimes and offenses. The nature of the offense determines where the prisoner is held and the lengths of times. There are institutions that vary in level of security in both the state and federal prison system. However, the majority of prisoners are sentenced and housed in state facilities in high security facilities.
State Prison System- History and Purpose
Sanctions are available in the courts the deal with those who commit criminal offences and are sentenced to correctional …show more content…
Some of the prison systems are lenient and others are very strict as to how they deal with their offenders.
Federal prison system-History and purpose
Although federal prisons have running operating prisons it has confined many convicted felons. In today’s prison system they are graded accordingly by the level of security that is needed. The original history of the federal prison system started back in the 1890s but it was not until 1930 that president Hoover signed a bill establishing a federal prison system that would actually start the building of actual federal facilities. The federal system had been relying on the state and local levels of government to house their prisoners. This served a huge purpose in the federal system because it would ease the payment of prisoners for being held at the state and local levels.
In the United States the growth of the federal system continued to rise due to the government creating more federal laws because of bank robberies and white collar crimes. The federal prison system there are some security levels which classify prisoners and institutions as minimum, low, medium, high and administrative. The main type of criminal in the federal prison system today is a drug seller and or a political person. Many ex-political officials, law enforcement officials, judicial officials, major drug cartel offenders and