1-Bureau of Censors
A powerful Bureau in Tang era China that tracked all the officials and their records, also conducted the Chinese Census.
2-Chen kingdom fourth and last of the souther dynasties in china, destroyed by sui dynasty, empress wu founder, weak dynasty
Woman who poisoned her husband, son of Empress Wu, to try and get power but failed.
Tang ruler 690-705 C.E. in China; supported Buddhism establishment; tried to elevate Buddhism to state of religion; had multistory statues of Buddha created
Practice in chinese society to mutilate women's feet in order to make them smaller; produced pain and restricted women's movement; made it easier to confine women to the household,
Officials, Landlords, and Rich merchants. Very important were in control, made the calls
Chinese ships equipped with watertight bulkheads, sternpost rudders, compasses, and bamboo fenders; dominant force in Asian seas east of the Malayan peninsula, especially in the Song and Tang Dynasty's were the BEST ships in the world.
Founded in 907 by Nomadic Khitan peoples from Manchuria; mantained independence from Song dynasty in China.
Revived ancient Confucian teachings in Song era of China; great impact on the dynasties that followed; their emphasis on tradition and hostility to foreign systems made Chinese rulers and bureaucrats less receptive to outside ideas and influences.
Name China comes from Qin (Chin) • Wanted a unified China - 221 BC • Only lasted 15 years BUT political form of empire and "administration" provided by Qin continued for over 2,000 years. Last emperor stepped down in 1912 • Legalistic view - harsh • Was a feudal state that became powerful • Every idea had goal of unification • Emperor as name - until 1912 • Created provinces, or districts, to keep control of empire - ended feudal system to create loyalty to central gov. • System of rewards/punishments (laws) • Bureaucracy - jobs gained by merit • New standards for measurements, money (made trade easier, and writing similar today) 1 economy, 1 culture, 1 currency, 1 measurement system • Land ownership was a possibility for all • Censorship - vs. anything not legalistic, Book Burning—outlawed Confucius' ideas. People killed-buried alive! • Great Wall started... not a great success... built to keep peasants in and invaders out. Used existing walls and connected • Terra Cotta Army-6000+ different men found; were painted with weapons • Iron Weapons B/c of harsh rule, Qin did not have support - soldiers/peasants rebelled after death