Why study psychology?
Thoughts/behaviors interaction with the environment emotions, feelings etcReductionist approach to psychology argues that
What we think are psychological experiences/behaviors can be better explained reducing them to a more fundamental analysis (first being biology) must be broken down to physics
Trying to break behavior down (math example)
What makes psychology different then other disciplines ?What counts as the history of psychology? Why study History?
Prevent yourself from making the same mistakes
It is apart of the discipline
How do we study history and what do we use to study history?
Its empirically based
Is objectivity obtainable or achievable
Can we be completely objective.Biases of objectivity by a historian
What are the data of the history of psychology?
Events reported by others
Diaries, journal articles, newspaper articles awards speeches
Historic types of issues
Classical antecedents to psychology
Is history continuous or discontinuous?
Smooth pattern of change over time
Breaks or places where there are changes that are very different from things from time forward compared to tie past.
No accepted world view
Established a paradigm to how to understand concepts how they relate to one another so forth (coon book)
After revolution has a occurred a new set of concepts emerges
Incomenceable (totally incompatible and you cant translate in any form or fashion)
Presenctism vs historismApproach to history, now is the best that it has ever been, that the history of science represents a continuum of learning and knowledge and we know and understood more than we ever had. Progress/advancement.
Things in the past matter if they have contributed to the our progress now, moved us towards where we are now, history tells us how we able to get to where we are today.
The past matter in its on right, past must be understood in its own term not in the terms of the present day. Not to take our contemporary influence to explain the past. It eliminates the present. How can we completely put our mindset back to people in previous eras.
Internalism vs externalism (2 poles of the continuum)
Encapsulated view of the history. History of ideas. Something that happens within its boundaries. Happens independently of human agency
Developed in the context of the larger world. Development of outside of the science influenced the science.
Great person approach vs zeitgeist approach (spirits of the times)
Major names, people who made big discoveries, influential theorists. Individual contributions
Times were right and anyone could have contributed to the revolution. If it wasn’t Darwin, it could have been “joe”
What is it that makes up the climate of times.
Historical info trace academic history
Brief bio sketch of one of my ancestors 3pgs due 24th.
Problems resulted from a imbalance
Describe various kinds of problems
4 major black bile- ill tempered , melecolonic yellow bile –irascible easily angered manic blood –air –overly cheerful optimistic flem –water –dull apathetic , sluggish pathagrian study harmony harmony human experience demarcates mind as a collection of atoms zinodisagreed with demarcates about the mind being apart of the physical world. He believes its not. Questioned the reliability of the senses. If the information are senses provide to us is accurate
Believed truth was latent in the mind. Student already had the knowledge and it was the teacher role to uncover the knowledge by asking a set of questions.
Dualist. The material body and a nonmaterial soul. The mind and the body are different kinds of things.
The locus of courage etcAristotle
Proposed the concept of constatsis study of the drama
The mind was a blank slate at birth
Material-what it is