History Questions Essay

Submitted By zmeng
Words: 558
Pages: 3

In the Moise text on page 78, the author mentioned the Long March. This

historical trek of the communists resulted in the relocation of the communist revolutionary

base from southeastern Jiangxi province to northwestern Shaanxi province. By examining the

historical context, a question arises as the following: what are the influences of the Long March?

In order to answer this question, some possible clues can be examined. Firstly, the leadership of

the Communist party was established during the Long March. As the Moise text suggested on

page 79, “Mao Zedong rose to command the Chinese Communist Party.” This arrangement was

largely caused by the “…defeats the Party had suffered under their [the 28 Bolsheviks]

guidance”. Secondly, the Long March helped the communists to recover and revive. After the

communists arrived at Yan’an, they were comparatively separated from the control of

Nationalists. Therefore, communists could have the opportunity to recover, reorganize, and

regain their strength without the interference from their rivals. Finally, the trek of the Long

March was extremely arduous and dangerous. Therefore, the Long March helped the

Communist Party to organize some of the most competent and devoted soldiers as the firm

foundation of the Communist Party. To summarize, the influences of the Long March can be

concluded as the establishment of the new leadership, the recovery of the Communist Party,

and the formation of a competent military force of the Communist Party. However, there are

some other perspectives can also be explored.

In the Ebrey text on page 416, there were materials pertinent to the land

reforms carried out by the Communist Party. The author mentioned that “from the early 1930s

until 1952, when the Communist Party gained control of rural areas, it redistributed land.” By

examining this historical context, a question arises as the following: what are some of the

influences of the land reforms? In order to answer this question, several possible perspectives

can be examined. Firstly, the land reforms launched by the Communist Party severely

weakened the power of the landlords. Because the land resources were redistributed to the

poor peasants and those landlords were “publicly criticized and…