History: Renaissance and Leonardo Da Vinci Essays

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Study Guide for Chapter 30
Leading figure of the Renaissance
Printing Press: A type of press that used a movable type
Johannes Gutenberg: Inventor of the printing press
Michelangelo: One of the greatest sculptors and painters in history
Titian: The city’s greatest Renaissance painter
Albrecht Durer: He earned fame for his paintings, drawings, prints, and writings on art
Nicolaus Copernicus: Often called the father of modern astronomy
Andreas Vesalius: An outstanding scientist who changed medicine and the study of anatomy
Isabella I: Queen of a Spanish kingdom called Castile
Elizabeth I: Queen of England
William Shakespeare: A major figure in the English Renaissance, and known as one of the greatest playwright, and one of it’s finest poets
Miguel Cervantes: He was a Spanish writer, known for writing the Don Quixote
Don Quixote: A very famous book written by Miguel Cervantes
Leonardo da Vinci: A true Italian Renaissance person, who had a wide range of interests and accomplishments that him a true Renaissance person
Essential Questions 1. Renaissance ideas were spread through trade, travel and education. Italy was a gateway to Europe for most of the trade from, Asia, Africa, and the greek-speaking cities of the east. Traders moved through Italy to the rest of Europe, bringing a rich flow of new ideas along with their goods. Visitors to Italy also helped spread Renaissance ideas. People from all over Europe traveled to Italy to learn as well as trade. Scholars went to study Humanism. Artists studied Italian paintings and sculptures, to learn new styles and techniques. The spread of ideas was made even easier by the invention of the printing press. This machine pressed inked type or plates onto paper to create many copies of a work. People used these printers to spread new ideas, discoveries, and inventions. 2. All three artists contributed to Renaissance art is many different ways. Michelangelo contributed by painting the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, the pope’s chapel in Rome. He labored four years on a high platform to complete his work. He covered the curved ceiling with brilliantly colored scenes from the bible; the scenes contain over 300 figures and continue to awe visitors today. Titian contributed by being described as a painter’s painters, because of his influence on other artists’ use of color and brush strokes. Centuries later, many painters are still trying to copy his techniques. And Durer contribution is his beautiful engravings and woodcuts. These works set a new standard in printing because of their clarity, expensiveness and fine details. Durer also wrote influential books about human proportions in art. Many modern artists still read these writings. 3. Both discovery of both men were very significant for many reasons, but open is because both were things that had never been though up, or of before, for example Copernicus’ theory, had never been thought of that way, and in the end was proven right, and the same with Andreas Vesalius, his idea of cutting open animals and people, had never been used or thought of, and he ended up opening so many more doors in today’s world. 4. Isabella and Elizabeth are considered Renaissance queens because, they were very successful queens during the time of the,