History: United States and Economic Growth Essays

Submitted By amburr__
Words: 796
Pages: 4


Throughout history countries such as the United States and Great Britain, had to construct new policies to ensure a stable economy, such as the Washington’s Farewell Address and the Non-Intercourse Act. In addition, there are experiences, like technological advancements in order to establish the ability and power to grow to expand their markets to other countries. These are just two of the key factors that contributed to the vast economic growth in the U.S between the 19th and 20th century helping to establish the U.S as one of the superpowers it is today. The Farewell Address was based on the concept of neutrality. Washington said this in his advice for the future of the nation. He wanted to not have permanent alliances with other nations and he wanted to demand on temporary alliances in case of emergencies. Madison attempted his solution with the Non-Intercourse Act of 1809. The Non-Intercourse Act, banned all commerce with just Britain and France and not all nations. The Non-Inercourse Act had the strength of attempting to remain neutral and not becoming too involved in the affairs of both Britain and France. The Non-Inercourse Act wanted Britian and France to respect American rights. Yet, the act had many problems, like controlling the increase of smuggling goods. American citizens were soon effected by the act that made it hard for free trade. This then caused a lower demand for American products. Southern farmers and plantation owners were especially hurt, due to their exchange with England in trading cotton. The Non-Inercourse Act back fired and hurt America than aided and strengthened the nation.
In 1793 Eli Whitney introduced to the United States to an invention that would take not only America but the world by storm, which was the cotton gin. As stated in Document 2 the cotton gin allowed the production of cotton to double due to the convenience of not removing seeds by hands. The cotton gin cut down on the time, it took to produce cotton. The cotton gin was able to produce cotton 10 times faster than how it was use to be produced. It also fueled other inventions during the industrial revolution. By mid century the gin revolutionised the American cotton industry. America would be providing three quarters of the worlds cotton. Due to the massive growth of cotton the request and necessity of slaves would drastically increase. Therefore, the colonies in the south were making more income due to the more cotton that needed to be produced. The Louisiana Purchase in 1803 became a key factor in the production and the buying of cotton because its ports made it easy to buy, sell, and trade. The cotton gin would also influence new infrastructure for east travel and trade between the midwest, such as the Cumberland Pike in 1818 and the Erie Canal in 1828. Millions would take these routes and others towards west in search of more fertile farm land. The Cumberland Pike is also known as the National road was the first major improved highway in the united states to be built by the federal government. Erie canal is an artificial waterway connecting the Hudson river at Albany with Lake Erie at Buffalo; built in the 19th century. In the 19th century the railroads