All the events that took place that made Canada what it is today are not only important to the country itself, but these occurrences also had a huge impact on many other nations of the world. All these significant dates in the history of Canada had such an important effect on a wide variety of countries in Europe, and as well the development of the United States; if they had never occurred, it is very likely that these places and many others would not be the same as they are today.
We’ll start off in the year 1000, when currently 300,000 natives controlled the region. Settlers from Europe sailed across the Atlantic Ocean to discover Newfoundland, and established temporary settlements on the northern tip of the country. Later in 1497, John Cabot along with many other settlers took the journey to North America from England and landed on the coast of Cape Breton Island to explore. They claimed the land English territory for King Henry VII.
The French where the next to take the voyage across the Atlantic. Jacques Cartier led the way and claimed what is now the province of Quebec French territory. He colonized the area and established forts and settlements in what he called “New France.” Then in 1670, the British founded Canada’s oldest business enterprise, the Hudson’s Bay Company, which at the time was used mainly for fur trading. This occurrence still has a huge impact on the country, since the company still exists today and can be found all over Canada as a major department store chain.
As tensions between the British and the French continue to grow, and as they hunger for more and more land, the battle over who gets to keep New France begins. In 1759, the British defeat the French and rack up another victory, along with a huge new territory. Shortly after in 1763 the former French empire is renamed “Quebec” and the Treaty of Paris ends all French rule in Canada. In 1812, Canada and the United States begin a war, again over boundaries. The contention finally ends two years later as the Treaty of Ghent was passed.
The United States and Canadian border is finally accepted in 1818 as the 49th parallel beginning at Ontario all the way until the Rocky Mountains, and Ottawa is recognized as Canada’s capital. In 1867 Sir John A. Macdonald became the first…