Essay on Hiv Prevalence--Ghana

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NATIONAL HIV PREVALENCE

& AIDS ESTIMATES REPORT

2011-2015

National AIDS/STI Control Programme Ghana Health Service, Ministry of Health. Accra, Ghana.

National HIV Prevalence & AIDS Estimates Report

National HIV Prevalence & AIDS Estimates Report 2011-2015

March 2012
National AIDS/STI Control Programme Ghana Health Service, Ministry of Health Accra, Ghana National HIV Prevalence & AIDS Estimates Report

©National AIDS/STI Control Programme 2012 ©Ghana Health Service 2012 All rights reserved. The designations employed and the presentation material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the NACP concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of
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This technical report provides the Ghana National HIV Prevalence Estimates and Projections for 2011 to 2015 and describes the approach that was used to produce them. It is important to note that estimates and projections captured in this report take precedence over previous ones.

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National HIV Prevalence & AIDS Estimates Report

Background of Estimation and Projection Process

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NAIDS and WHO, with the guidance and recommendations from an external group of scientists and researchers (the UNAIDS Reference Group on Estimates, Modeling and Projections) have developed a set of methods and assumptions to model epidemic trends, to determine annual estimates of HIV prevalence in countries, and to make demographic projections of the epidemic. For countries with generalized epidemics in which HIV is firmly established in the general population, the Estimation and Projection Package (EPP) has been designed as a tool to construct national and sub-national (e.g., urban and rural) epidemic curves to indicate the levels and trends of the epidemic. Once epidemic curves are produced in EPP already in-built in the SPECTRUM Projection Package, estimates , of national prevalence, incidence, mortality and treatment needs by sex and age groups are generated through a stepwise process. The SPECTRUM module for HIV/AIDS projections uses the HIV prevalence curve produced in EPP together with