When speaking about the ‘Holocaust’ what time period are we referring to?
It refers to the period from January 30, 1933 when Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany to May 8, 1945 when the war in Europe officially ended.
How many Jews were murdered during the Holocaust?
Approximately 6, 000,000 Jews were murdered and 1.5 million of these were children and there was a destruction of 5,000 Jewish communities.
How many non-Jewish civilians were murdered during World War II?
There is approximately 5,000,000 were murdered during the World War II. These included Gypsies, Serbs, Polish intelligentsia, and resistance fighters from all the nations, German opponents of Nazism, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, habitual criminals, and the "anti-social," e.g. beggars, vagrants, and hawkers.
What is a death camp? How many were there? Where were they located?
A death camp (or a mass murder) camp is a concentration camp with special apparatus specifically designed for systematic murder. They were all located in Poland.
What does the term ‘Final Solution’ mean and what is its origin?
The term “Final Solution” refers to Germany’s plan to murder all the Jews of Europe. The term was used at the Wannsee Conference (Berlin; January 20, 1942) where German Officials discussed implementation.
When did the ‘Final Solution’ actually begin?
The final solution did not actually begin until the German invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941.
What were the first measures taken by the Nazis against Jews?
The first measures against the Jews included:
April 1, 1933: A boycott of Jewish shops and businesses by the Nazis.
April 7, 1933: The law for the Re-establishment of the Civil Service expelled all non-Aryans (defined on April 11, 1933 as anyone with a Jewish parent or grandparent) from the civil service. Initially, exceptions were made for those working since August 1914; German veterans of World War I; and, those who had lost a father or son fighting for Germany or her allies in World War I.
April 7, 1933: The law regarding admission to the legal profession prohibited the admission of lawyers of non-Aryan descent to the Bar. It also denied non-Aryan members of the Bar the right to practice law. (Exceptions were made in the cases noted above in the law regarding the civil service.) Similar laws were passed regarding Jewish law assessors, jurors, and commercial judges.
April 22, 1933: The decree regarding physicians' services with the national health plan denied reimbursement of expenses to those patients who consulted non-Aryan doctors. Jewish doctors who were war veterans or had suffered from the war were excluded.
April 25, 1933: The law against the overcrowding of German schools restricted Jewish enrollment in German high schools to 1.5% of the student body. In communities where they constituted more than 5% of the population, Jews were allowed to constitute up to 5% of the student body. Initially, exceptions were made in the case of children of Jewish war veterans, who were not considered part of the quota. In the framework of this law, a Jewish student was a child with