Sanford 2 later. For example, in the Pennsylvania coal fields, three or four families crowded together in one-room shacks and lived on wild weeds. In Arkansas, families were found inhabiting caves. In Oakland, California, whole families lived in sewer pipes. The pay cuts and unemployment made it hard for families to pay their bills and feed their families.
The United States experienced a banking panic through the fall of 1930 to the winter of 1933. The banking panic lead to countless people demanding their money deposits to be paid to them in cash. People lost all confidence in these banks and wanted back all of their money. Unfortunately what people did not understand is that a bank does not keep all of the money that depositors have placed in the bank at all times. The bank only keeps a certain percentage of reserves, called required reserves, on hand at all times. The rest of the reserves are excess reserves that the bank can loan out to make money. Because banks no longer had excess reserves to loan out, banks started experiencing the depression also. Over one-third of banks in the United States during the Great Depression had failed. This seemed to cause a chain reaction to the overall scheme of things. Since banks were failing there was no one to lend manufacturer’s money for investments for growth, which also meant no money coming into the banks for excess reserves for financial investment. The life of Americans in the time of the Great Depression was hard and very difficult to keep things afloat. In many cases family had to neglect medical and dental care to save money during this difficult time. Many families had to take short cuts to get by and to have things to eat. Many family planted gardens, canned food, bought used bread, and used cardboard and cotton for shoe soles. Even the fact of the prices on some food dropped as quickly as they did, many
Sanford 3 families went without milk and or meat during the depression. In New York City, milk consumption failed by a million gallons a day. President Herbert Hoover said that none of the people during the depression were starving, but it turns out in New York there were 20 known cases of starvation, and not knowing how many there was that nobody even knew about. In 1934, there were 110 cases of death by hunger. The trouble of starvation got so bad in New York that West African nation sent