* * * * * How individuals’ perception is affected by physical temperature. * Jessica Loy * Deakin University * HPS121 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Abstract * 100 participants participated in a study conducted by Deakin University HPS121 students to determine whether participants who held a warm coffee prior to rating a fictitious person on certain personality traits would rate the person higher on warmth related traits, compared to those who held the iced coffee. The study also aimed to determine if participants who had held the warm coffee would not rate the fictitious person significantly higher on the non-warmth related traits compared to those who were in contact with iced coffee. The 100 participants were exposed to either a warm or iced coffee, they then read a personality description of a fictitious person and they were then asked to rate that person an a personality trait likert scale. Results indicated that temperature stimulus did have an affect on participants perception of the fictitious person. Traits that were temperature related were rated higher by participants holding the warm coffee compared to the iced coffee, and there was no significant difference in the non temperature related traits between the two groups. * * * * * * * * * * How individuals’ perception is affected by physical temperature. * Many researchers have been interested in understanding and explaining the impact which physical temperature has on peoples’ judgment. The topic of physical and psychological temperature is of interest because it effects everyone constantly whether he or she is aware of it or not. When there is a change in temperature, there is consequently a change in behaviour. In simple terms, heat causes people to wear less clothing and cold causes people to wear more clothing. Not only does temperature affect people physically, it also has a psychological affect. * Early studies conducted by Asch (1948) explored the different weights of qualities when establishing a perception of a person. It was discovered that the personality traits of warm and cold produce differences of impression. When the personality trait of ‘warm’ is given, the participant’s impression of the anonymous person is distinctively more positive than when presented with the ‘cold’ personality trait. It was found that the warm-cold personality traits had the effect of altering the meanings of the other traits that were presented. For example when the traits warm and popular are presented together, the anonymous person may be perceived as a friendly and down to earth person who loves to socialise. However, when the traits cold and popular are presented together the person may be perceived as being condescending and overpowering. * Attachment studies by Harlow (1993) indicated that a mother is a protector and provider of warmth for infants who are in danger or fearful. The cause and affect relationship between temperature and perception has been explored by researchers, however further research has also shown a link between temperature and social experiences. Harlow found in his experiments that when infant monkeys were exposed to a warm cloth mother and a cold wire mother, the warm cloth surrogate was preferred. The link between psychological and physical warmth is core in Harlow’s studies. Infant monkeys who are exposed to an unknown situation become distressed, their coping mechanism is to attach themselves to their surrogate as a source of comfort and warmth. * The results of Harlow’s experiments were supported by the findings of William’s and Bargh in 2008. It has been established that although humans are often not actively aware, exposure to certain temperatures influences their behaviour and perception of situations (Williams & Bargh, 2008). In the research conducted by
4. Discuss the physical and psychological changes associated with normal ageing. How can one minimise pathological ageing?
The process of aging has been around as long as life itself. All living organisms pass through three broad stages from conception to death, which are maturation, maturity and aging. Aging affects everyone because nearly everyone has the potential to grow old and all the societies in which we live have older members (Macdonald, 1997). Gerontology is the use of reason to understand…
Has spatial boundaries, theses differences may be physical or cultural.
Environment – How humans view a landscape, how does environment effect us.
* Development Of Geography – know the order
Phase 1-Exploration of the world
Phase 2-Establishment of the Discipline
Phase 3-Dominance of regional geography
Phase 4-Emergence of physical and human geography
Phase 5-Physical Geo, Integrated Geo, Human Geo
Topic 3 & 4– How we Map the Earth/ Remote Sensing
Knowledge – we…
image on the retina is upside-down because of the focusing action of the lens, the brain compensates and provides the right-side-up perception. Experiments have been done with subjects fitted with prisms that invert the images. The subjects go through an initial period of great confusion, but subsequently they perceive the images as right side up.
The range of perception of the eye is phenomenal. In the dark, a substance produced by the rod cells increases the sensitivity of the eye so that it is possible…
Patagonia, southern Chile, Canada, Siberia, Alaska, Northern Europe etc.) will have a better chance to survive.
Because humans will be facing a hotter Earth environment, he highlighted the importance to learn how to live and survive in these new conditions. It is why he said that it so important to improve our carbon footprint by eating less and saving energy and/or following a vegetarian diet. But, he specified again, that these types of recommendations are…
Dispose of food that poses a threat to human health.
Importance of Food Safety
Food safety is an important part of all of our lives. Unless we grow our own foods entirely, we are exposed daily to the food safety practices of those individuals who otherwise grow, process, ship, prepare, cook, serve, and in any form—handle our foods. Like most things in life, food safety is not a perfect practice; eventually contaminated food products will make their way onto our tables—but vigilant and…
Seen by a witness | | Assignment/ ProjectOther__________________ | | |
Personal Statement | | | | |
ASSESSMENT REPORT |
1.1 Explain the importance of recognising the centrality of the individual rather than the disability.Words are critical in shaping ideas, perceptions…
“Stress is an epidemic in the 21st century and impacts on people’s behaviour in many ways. Discuss in light of the literature.”
Stress is a term that is frequently used in everyday conversation. The conventional meaning of the word stress – too much to do, too much to worry about – was not part of the vocabulary some fifty years ago. In the 1930s the Hungarian scientist Hans Selye, the godfather of stress research, took an engineering concept and applied it to humans 1. Stress in general…
like to point out that, the reading being 47 pages long, all information is not included, and large portions have been briefly summarized → pink is power point info
1. Discuss psychosis and the lived experience of people affected by schizophrenia. Consider the emotional, physical, spiritual, and intellectual significance for patients.
Clinical picture of schizophrenia (means “split mind”) is highly variable and complex; symptoms differ between people and in the same person between episodes
resources, particularly in already arid and semi-arid areas like California, its conservation is of utmost importance. What’s more, according to Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), they found, averaging the ratios of each individual country, that "for any given country" 59% of water used globally is for agriculture (FAO, 2014), and in California, in particular, according to Hanson from University of California-Davis, agricultural water use constitutes 80% of developed water…
scientific study of how individuals think, feel, and behave in a social context)
“The scientific study”: observations, descriptions, and measurements of the study of the human condition; applies the scientific method
“Of how individuals think, feel, and behave”: focuses on the individual
“In a social context”: focus on human behavior that concerns others or is influenced by others; non-social behavior is also studied
Sociology: focuses on group (social psych on individual)