* * * * * How individuals’ perception is affected by physical temperature. * Jessica Loy * Deakin University * HPS121 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Abstract * 100 participants participated in a study conducted by Deakin University HPS121 students to determine whether participants who held a warm coffee prior to rating a fictitious person on certain personality traits would rate the person higher on warmth related traits, compared to those who held the iced coffee. The study also aimed to determine if participants who had held the warm coffee would not rate the fictitious person significantly higher on the non-warmth related traits compared to those who were in contact with iced coffee. The 100 participants were exposed to either a warm or iced coffee, they then read a personality description of a fictitious person and they were then asked to rate that person an a personality trait likert scale. Results indicated that temperature stimulus did have an affect on participants perception of the fictitious person. Traits that were temperature related were rated higher by participants holding the warm coffee compared to the iced coffee, and there was no significant difference in the non temperature related traits between the two groups. * * * * * * * * * * How individuals’ perception is affected by physical temperature. * Many researchers have been interested in understanding and explaining the impact which physical temperature has on peoples’ judgment. The topic of physical and psychological temperature is of interest because it effects everyone constantly whether he or she is aware of it or not. When there is a change in temperature, there is consequently a change in behaviour. In simple terms, heat causes people to wear less clothing and cold causes people to wear more clothing. Not only does temperature affect people physically, it also has a psychological affect. * Early studies conducted by Asch (1948) explored the different weights of qualities when establishing a perception of a person. It was discovered that the personality traits of warm and cold produce differences of impression. When the personality trait of ‘warm’ is given, the participant’s impression of the anonymous person is distinctively more positive than when presented with the ‘cold’ personality trait. It was found that the warm-cold personality traits had the effect of altering the meanings of the other traits that were presented. For example when the traits warm and popular are presented together, the anonymous person may be perceived as a friendly and down to earth person who loves to socialise. However, when the traits cold and popular are presented together the person may be perceived as being condescending and overpowering. * Attachment studies by Harlow (1993) indicated that a mother is a protector and provider of warmth for infants who are in danger or fearful. The cause and affect relationship between temperature and perception has been explored by researchers, however further research has also shown a link between temperature and social experiences. Harlow found in his experiments that when infant monkeys were exposed to a warm cloth mother and a cold wire mother, the warm cloth surrogate was preferred. The link between psychological and physical warmth is core in Harlow’s studies. Infant monkeys who are exposed to an unknown situation become distressed, their coping mechanism is to attach themselves to their surrogate as a source of comfort and warmth. * The results of Harlow’s experiments were supported by the findings of William’s and Bargh in 2008. It has been established that although humans are often not actively aware, exposure to certain temperatures influences their behaviour and perception of situations (Williams & Bargh, 2008). In the research conducted by…
How nature affected humankind
throughout history with plague, cold and disaster
How nature affected humankind
throughout history with plague, cold and disaster
The topic of this research paper is “How nature affected humankind throughout history with plague, cold and disaster”. The reason I chose this topic is I am curious how plague, cold, and disaster relates to world history. Because no matter how technology, medical treatment…
on sound effects including perceptions on how it
affects their authenticity
Project Report 1: Literature Review and Project Plan
Word count: 3500
A report on project work carried out for the degree of
BSc (Hons) Music Technology and Popular Music Production
Supervisor: Braham Hughes
This project discusses the use of sound effects in cinema including common processing techniques
and general perceptions on how the processing of the audio…
settings. Everyone should be treated fair and with dignity in the workplace it is not only morally correct it is ethically correct. As our society approach equal representation among minorities employers must establish strategies that will focus on how we will change the way we obtain new employee’s and train them (Spinks, 2007). The staff at St. James knows that diversity may be difficult for many people to obey; we have established a diversity policy that would help with diversity issues
In The Apology and Crito, Socrates attempts to explain how individuals should behave toward their state. Although there at first seems to be a contradiction between the messages in these two books, I believe that the ultimate message is the same, that an individual should do what is good for his state, as determined by the state. I will support this argument by providing examples in which Socrates states that one should do good towards his state.
First, I will also explain what I mean…
How does physical abuse affect the young individual?
According to the National Child Abuse statistics, every day more than five children die daily from child abuse alone in America. Depending on the different types of abuse such as, physical abuse, emotional abuse, and sexual abuse, they all have negative effects. Out of all of these, physical abuse is the one that tends to have the most impact on a child, says Child Welfare, Physical abuse…
that the Natives lost their rights to any promises by participating in the war on the losing side.
The signing of the Treaty of Paris did not address the concerns of what to do with the Indians. It allowed the Americans to care for the Indians how they saw fit. Most Americans viewed the Indians that fought along the side of the British and guerilla traitors and were treated as such. Many Indians fled for the security of Canada. The Iroquois nation was separated and by conflict and now scattered…
The Great War lasted four years and changed the whole world and so I shall be looking at how R. C.
Sherriff and Peter Whelan developed the protagonists in their plays to reflect the impact the war had, not just on the world, but also on the individuals involved in war. May Hassle and Dennis Stanhope were clearly affected greatly by war; May, by what the war took from her, Tom; and Stanhope, by what the war gave him.
All throughout the war May’s change of character becomes more and more apparent…
of autistic spectrum conditions
Autism spectrum condition affects a range of different individuals and is a spectrum condition and affects people in a number of different ways. It is important when supporting an individual with autism to identify and recognise each individuals’ abilities – what they can do successfully, needs – what the individual needs support with, strengths and gifts – what the individual is good at, what they have a real talent in, and interests – what is motivating for the…
Andrew Minh Khang Nguyen
How Houston Is Affected By 5 Themes Of Geography
Houston is affected greatly, influenced by, and is shaped by the 5 crucial themes of geography. Not only that, Houston thrives by and grows by the major themes of geography. All the important themes of geography; Location, Places, Human/Environment Interactions, Movement, and Regions, effect…