It is not an easy feat to enact new statute in the California legislature. There are many steps to the process, and many more obstacles to overcome throughout the legislative process. The main obstacle to overcome within the California legislative process is that of interest groups, and the lobbyists that they employ. I feel that the best means of enacting new statute to require vehicle venders to maintain a 10% inventory of my solar-electric-gas hybrid car would be to amend the California Constitution. I feel that this would be the best means, even though it requires a 2/3 vote, because of the difficultly future legislatures would have in an attempt to modify the amendment in future years. The first step to enacting an amendment to the California Constitution would to be first to come up with the idea for the amendment, which I have above (this is how all legislation begins). The next step would be to find a Senator, or Assembly member, to author the bill I have proposed. The subject of my bill can have only one subject, which is fine because I only wish to see my fuel saving cars on dealer lots. Once I have found a legislative officer to author my bill, they would send the idea, and language, of the bill to the Legislative Counsel. There the bill would be drafted into the actual bill. The drafted bill then would be returned to the Legislator that authored the bill for introduction in his/hers given house. I would choose to first introduce my bill into the California Senate. I would choose the Senate because of its history of being less bipartisan, and the fact that Senators are commonly more experienced legislators than those in the Assembly. My hope is that the professionalism, experience, and non-bipartisanship of the Senate would help the bill achieve the 2/3 super majority vote it needs to pass, and would facilitate passage in the Assembly. The next process, after drafting the bill, would be to introduce the bill in a Senate meeting for its first reading. In this step the Clerk would read the bill number, the name of the author, and the descriptive title of the bill. Once the bill has been read, it would automatically be electronically sent to the Office of State Printing. Here it would be in print for a minim of 30 days before it could be acted upon. Once the bill has been in print for 30 days, the bill would be sent to the Rules Committee, whom assigns the bill to the appropriate committee according to subject. In this step of the legislative process, I would have to find an interest group that would be willing to lobby the legislator on behalf of my bill. Interest groups are the main source of campaign funds for California legislators, which buys access to them and influences their vote (so let’s hope I find a rich one). Interest Groups also supply volunteers to work on legislative election campaigns, and endorse legislative candidates in elections, helping to get them elected. My bill would first be sent to the transportation committee, which is a Standing Committee, which meets throughout the legislative session and meets at regularly scheduled times. In the committee process the author of the bill would first present the bill; then lobbyists, opponents and supporters of the bill, would testify on behalf of the bill. In committee, the bill can be either passed by a majority vote, defeated by a majority vote, or be passed as amended. Once the bill has been passed through the Standing Committee it would be sent to the Appropriations Committee, because there would have to be state funding for a regulatory group to enforce the statute. Once the bill has passed through the Standing Committee, and the Appropriations Committee, it would be read a second time in the Senate and placed in the Daily File for the third reading. During the third reading the author of the bill explains what the bill entails, and then the bill is discussed by the members of the members of the Senate. Here…
How a Bill Become a Law
A bill is a draft of a proposed law that is presented for approval to the House of Representatives. Suppose a that a bill is proposed that would make community colleges have free tuition. Because there are so many proposed bills, the house is divided into committees that research and debate the bill. When the bill is first introduced the speaker of the house would delegate it to a committee. Once the speaker delegates it, if he chooses to do so, the committee…
Essay Cycle 2
Most Bills can begin either in the House of Commons or in the House of Lords. The Government will make this decision based on the need to make sure each House has a balanced programme of legislation to consider each session.1 Bills will need to go through the following stages in each House before becoming an Act.
First reading – the title of the Bill is read to the Parliament and date for second reading is set so that MPs can prepare for it. Second reading is very important stage…
member of Congress. Bills may be presented to either House, but must pass, like many things in the Constitution, there are complications and loopholes. The basic structure has two main steps: the bill must pass through both houses of Congress, then through the President.
A bill is submitted through several sources, but the general method is to be proposed by a member of the House or Senate. It is then referred to the committee that has the most knowledge about the proposed bill. The committee will…
one of pity, because Lennie cannot do much right and does only wrong accidentally and nobody cares about how he is mentally disabled. It also reflects how Lennie is like an old mutt that nobody really likes because he doesn’t do much good around the place and can only rely on other people to do everything for him.
Another way Steinbeck leads up to George’s final decision to shoot Lennie is how George tells Lennie to meet him back at the Pond when he runs into trouble, knowing that Lennie will eventually…
U.S. History I Honors/AP
Chapter 12 Questions
1- What was Macon’s Bill No.2 and how did it lead to the War of 1812?
Macon’s Bill No.2 was the Congress’ measure to dismantle the embargo completely if the French or British were to stop, the French stopped first so they traded with the French causing war. This lead to the war of 1812 because it showed that America needed to trade with a higher power (France or England) in order to survive.
2- Who were…
How A Bill Becomes A Law
All laws in the United States begin as bills. Before a bill can become a law, it
must be approved by the U.S House of Representatives, the U.S. Senate, and the
President. The House of Representatives and the Senate follow different rules in
considering and passing bills. They both use committees and subcommittees,
conference committees to form final versions of bills, and the role of party caucuses and
father knew the reward would be worth it. He is street smarts type of guy, with an eye for good business. He was always loving and giving to our family and took on the role of being the main source of income. He gave us all we needed, and more no matter how hard that meant he needed to work.
Conchy: Concepcion is my mother’s name, but she goes by Conchy. My mom grew up with her four sisters and widowed mother. My grandfather committed suicide when my mother was only thirteen. She was the oldest. After…
– two membranes with fluid between them
Contains nuclear pores
Endoplasmic reticulum =
Consists of series of flattened membrane bound sacs called cisternae
Rough ER – transports proteins made on attached ribosomes
Smooth ER – makes lipids
Also Ca storage
Golgi apparatus =
Stack of membrane bound flattened sacs
Receives proteins from ER and modifies them
2 membranes separated by fluid filled space
Inner membrane highly folded to form cristae
Spherical sacs surrounded…
employees’ to follow step by step procedures to perform his job. The problem with this view is that it puts limit on how the employee can to perform his job. It takes the view that management knows the most efficient way to perform the job. The solution this problem is allowing employees the freedom to develop new and more efficient ways to perform their jobs. The postmodern/CAS has the same mindset in that managers must develop strategies for taking advantage of this ongoing learning . Another…