How to look Essay

Submitted By Desaosi
Words: 547
Pages: 3

Urology is the medical and surgical speciality that involves disorders of the genitourinary tract and the adrenal glands. Urologists focus on the male and female urinary tract as well as the male reproductive organs. Urology is a surgical specialty with a wide spectrum of opportunities, ranging from office practice to minimally invasive endoscopies to major open surgical procedures. This variety is a particularly attractive feature for practicing urologists. Urologists are the prime caretakers of the male genito-urinary tract and the female urinary tract and operate on the kidneys, ureters, bladder, prostate, urethra, testes, etc. Furthermore, for many patients with prostate disease, kidney stones (nephrolithiasis), and incontinence, urologists are the primary physicians. Most urologists in private practice will see between 50 and 100 patients weekly and perform additional cystoscopies, prostate biopsies, vasectomies, and other minor office procedures. They will also perform a range of major surgical procedures including nephrectomy and transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) in the hospital. A urology practice may be primarily surgical with three to four days a week spent in the operating room, but most urologists operate only about one to two days a week.
Although most urologists in private practice are generalists and see a spectrum of diseases ranging from benign prostatic enlargement (BPH), stones, incontinence, and cancer, there are recognized areas of subspecialization within urology especially at the academic centers and in large group practices. These include urologic oncology, pediatric urology, stone disease, infertility, impotence, female urology and incontinence, and laparoscopy.
There are clinical fellowships in the following fields that are from one- to-three-years long. A fellowship appointment requires completion of an accredited residency program. Residencies in urology include one or two years of general surgery followed by three or four years of urology with a total length of five to six years. Many programs also include six months to a year of research time, and there are well-established basic science research fellowships through the National Institutes of Health and through the American Foundation for Urologic Disease (AFUD). Urologists are within the top five paid careers in the medical field. Their annual income ranges anywhere between…