How was ‘man’ able to reach North/South America, and what skills were needed to thrive towards a Civilization? Essay

Submitted By Chad-Foster
Words: 291
Pages: 2

1) How was ‘man’ able to reach North/South America, and what skills were needed to thrive towards a Civilization? (CH 1, SEC 1)
There are many philosophies about how ‘man’ was able to reach North/South America. In this essay, I will be talking/discussing about 2 theories. The first theory I will be talking about is the Land bridge, or the “Bering Strait”. Thousands of years ago, many of the parts of the earth were covered with glaciers, or large and thick sheets of ice. When the glaciers grew bigger, the water level would decrease; since the water level decreased, some land that was submerged grew dry and shallow. Between Siberia and Alaska, the water level depleted and the land massed together. During that time, humans were tracking large game animal herds, like the Wooly Mammoth. When they were following the prehistoric animals, some of the men/woman decided to stop and settle where they were. However, some still decided to follow the herds and settled in South America. Another Theory is the Coastal-route theory or “Pacific Coast by boat”. Man thought that when the sail in the ocean, if they keep land on their left, they would find new land. If they got lost, or their ship was damaged, they could just sail back to land.

When man decided to finally settle in North and South Americas, they built civilizations to survive. The skills they needed were how to farm (cultivate), language, trading, and an irrigation system. The irrigation system was the most important…