H I G H E R S C H O O L C E R T I F I C AT E E X A M I N AT I O N
Community and Family Studies
Total marks – 100 Section I Pages 2–16
General Instructions • Reading time – 5 minutes • Working time – 3 hours • Write using black or blue pen Black pen is preferred • Write your Centre Number and Student Number at the top of pages 9, 11, 13 and 15
75 marks This section has two parts, Part A and Part B Part A – 20 marks • Attempt Questions 1–20 • Allow about 35 minutes for this part Part B – 55 marks • Attempt Questions 21–28 • Allow about 1 hour and 40 minutes for this part Section II Pages 17–18
25 marks • Attempt ONE question from Questions 29–31 • Allow about 45 minutes for this section
75 marks Part A – 20 marks Attempt Questions 1–20 Allow about 35 minutes for this part Use the multiple-choice answer sheet for Questions 1–20.
Which of the following are techniques for collecting data from primary sources? (A) Conducting interviews, accessing websites and books (B) Making observations, accessing journal articles and magazines (C) Conducting questionnaires and surveys, viewing documentaries (D) Making observations, conducting questionnaires and experiments
Which of a person's needs may be the most affected when they have a disability that limits their ability to perform household and family roles? (A) Education (B) Employment (C) Safety and security (D) Self esteem
Which of the following statements most accurately describes a biological parent? (A) A parent who cares for the child from birth (B) A parent who meets all of the child’s needs (C) A parent who is genetically related to the child (D) A parent who provides social and economic support to the child
Which statement best describes the authoritarian style of parenting? (A) Parents and children make decisions together. (B) Parents allow children to make their own decisions. (C) Parents make the decisions on behalf of their children. (D) Parents do not take responsibility for their children’s behaviour.
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Which research methodology is the most suitable to gain information about the leisure activities of high school students in Australia? (A) Observation (B) Questionnaire (C) Structured interview (D) Unstructured interview
What would be an indicator of the reliability of a research project? (A) The individuals involved are unbiased. (B) The research method if duplicated will lead to similar results. (C) The research method has been tested to assess and eliminate problems. (D) The measurement process accurately reflects what it is intended to measure.
A survey is to be conducted of the student population of a co-educational high school. Which of the following will result in a random sample of students being chosen for this survey? (A) Selecting five students from each year group (B) Selecting students on the basis of their gender (C) Selecting students on the basis of their postcode (D) Selecting every fourth student as they enter the school
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Use the graph shown to answer Questions 8 and 9. The graph shows the percentage of school-aged children who play a team sport.
95 90 85 80 75 70 65 60 Percentage (%) 55 of children 50 participating 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0
Key Females Males
5–7 years old
8–10 years old
11–13 years old
14–16 years old
Which age range has the largest percentage difference between male and female? (A) 5–7 years old (B) 8–10 years old (C) 11–13 years old (D) 14–16 years old
Which statement is supported by the data in the graph? (A) Males and females of all ages are very active. (B) Females don’t enjoy playing a team sport as much as males. (C) A greater percentage of males than females play a team sport. (D) More males from the 5–10 age ranges play in a team sport than those in the 11–16 age