Chapter 4: Socioemotional Development in Infants In this chapter I learned that emotions involve communication even during infancy. Emotions can be positive and negative. Happiness, love, anxiety, and guilt are considered to be forms of emotion. The expression of emotions are determined by what culture one is raised. Some people show emotion in the tone of voice they use, while others use certain facial expressions.
Temperament is different for everyone. The style in which one behaves, shows emotions, and their way of responding is used when defining temperament. An easy child is usually in a good mood, can flow routines, and can handle new experiences easily. A difficult child generally reacts bad and cries a lot, and is slow to accept change. A slow-to-warm-up-child had a low level for activity, can be negative at times, and shows a solemn mood.
Chapter 5: Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Childhood A child’s body grows and changes rapidly. During early childhood, a child can grow 2 ½ inches and gain 5-7 pounds each year. The way a child grows depends on what they inherit from their parents and the environment in which they are raised. The brain grows and matures rapidly during the first four years of life. This allows a child to plan an action, handle more stimuli and helps in learning a new language. The prefrontal cortex is one of the last regions of the brain to mature. This may contribute to a child having trouble focusing attention, understanding negative behavior, and handling emotions negatively. A childcare center that specializes with hands on learning, emotional development, positively teaching roleplaying, and focusing on a child’s cognitive development is an important step in a