Place is about an identity where memory and sacredness intertwine.
Place is ordinary but important
Mundane is a privilege
Can be controlled by the processes happening in the same area (refinery)
Why is Aggieland a place? People develop here. They develop knowledge and opportunity here. It provides a sense of collective identity. There’s spoken and unspoken ways you can interact with here -> a culture. Values; integrity, honor, respect, leadership, service
Kyle Field -> more than just a game; 500 million to renovate. It can be done, is accepted.
Distance is tricky. Absolute -> 5 miles, relative -> 5 minutes by train relative to a hotel (time), Cognitive -> terms of values, feelings, and beliefs
“Nearness principle” -> everything is related, but those that are closer together are more related.
Distance and Space are similar
Topological map -> relative is through the number of stops. But this particular map is cognitivity.
“Flow” -> AKA Spatial interaction
Interaction and movement through space
***Supply and Demand
Complementarity -> a surplus in one place, a deficit in another (lack of labor; people who will build, construct)
Transferability ->if you are a producer of bananas, in order for you to be successful in trading bananas in the global market, the cost of transportation of the bananas to Miami costs more than a banana itself
The only way the global economy can operate is if the supplies that are in the global market is if they can bear the cost of being moved
Intervening opportunity -> migration -> los angeles and mexico -> places in between that can diffuse the flow
Expansion diffusion -> zombie, E Bola
Hierarchical -> Aids moved globally from Patient 0 to the larger cities. Not everyone between get sick.
Spatial Diffusion -> technology, disease, environmental change (soybean production, deforestation)
Speed is not an issue when it comes to coal. Coal is an energy source so you don’t want to use more energy to move it than the amount of energy the coal will make itself
Proximity is the way gossip is transferred -> Expansion diffusion
Fieldwork -> Brazil
Map are not just about location, but symbols
Identify spatial patterns through visual relation -> AKA MAPS
Geography Notes 9
Environmental Geo Notes
Virtual water -> the amount of water to produce things (the water footprint, like the carbon footprint)
15th Century European Colonization
Two important cases illustrate global scale of environmental change
Disease and depopulation in the Spanish colonies
Virgin soil epidemics
Demographic collapse (90% loss of indigenous population)
Exchange of disease was to the new world (they hadn’t had these diseases prior, they were at high risk)
Plants and animals introduced
Exchange of biological material -> transformed the local landscape
Simplification of local ecosystems
Altered labor relations
95 questions on midterm
Two forms of the same exam
During the last 10,000 years (in which human society has flourished) one could argue the apex of industrial society has been driven by hydrocarbons. The paradox is that the energy system that has driven the achievements we have seen in terms of knowledge, and information, (health) will soon run out and essentially ruin us.
+++“peak” oil -> book+++
Maximum production of hydrocarbons, then decline
Anthropocene - a geologic time or era that is more human influenced
Debates around everything, human dominated planet
Human activities driven by industrial production systems, energized by hydrocarbons, in terms of impact
Exponential rates of change
How do we continue? How do we manage the impact?
Why do we care? -> Could the resources continue? Could the stability remain? Can we continue to provide in the future?
Are we eroding the earth’s capacity to support human civilization?
Are we undermining ourselves to the