Dr. Diana Baumrind has discovered four different ways of parenting. These different ways or styles can lead to future productive citizens while raising small children; or some of these ways can produced angry, hostile, and antisocial behavioral in future citizens as well.
Authoritarian parenting is a way of parenting that shows authority within the child’s living environment, along with threatening patterns as well. The parent(s) may punish the child for spilling a drink or making loud noises with toys or other objects that disturb the household. The authoritarian parent may strike or spank the child out of anger; without giving the child an explanation of why they are being punished or hurt. Authoritarian parents are a threat to any child because they are bigger, and their voice is overbearing. Examples of verbal threats of an authoritarian parent(s) are applying rules to the child that ends in the favor of the parent such as reminding the child what could happen if they do a bad thing again, or letting the child know that they (the parents) have the belt and will use it. This type of parenting causes the child to become fearful, withdrawal from other children or family members, bed wetting, and failure to communicate with anyone (Santrock, J. (2012) Life-Span Development, 14th Edition. Pg. 256).
Authoritative parenting is a way to teach a child to make choices on their own, but at the same time, respect the rules and regulations of the household. The environment is showing love and affection by giving the child hugs and kisses on the cheeks, even if the child made a mistake. This type of environment shows the child that is it okay to make mistakes, but remember to ask permission in future reference or occurrences. The parent(s) way of communicating with the child is to inform the child of their mistake, and reassuring the child that they are still loved. The authoritative parent ensures delight and passionate support in regards to their child’s unaccepted behavior. This type of parenting motivates the child to do things freely, such as ask permission to watch television, or ask for a snack. When a child is raised in an authoritative household, the child is happy, stable, and filled with life. The child learns how to share, and interact with other children as well. The child will grow independently and prosper great in their adulthood (Santrock, J. (2012) Life-Span Development, 14th Edition. pg. 256).
Neglectful parenting is a style of parenting in which the parent(s) shows no involvement in their child’s life (Santrock, J. (2012) p. 1). This type of parenting does not enforce structure of their children by letting the child do as they may and not reinforcing household rules. For example, the child may not have a scheduled naptime, or bedtime, and or the child watches television all day so the parents will not have to parent their child. The child will develop low self-esteem, unable to do things on their own such as dressing themselves, will have child-like behavior, and may be isolated from the rest of the family or household. A child with these types of patterns, he or she may have shy tendencies, which will cause the child to skip school in order to isolate themselves. When the child enters the adult world, it will be almost impossible for the child to keep a job, have a social life, and interact with others (Santrock, J. (2012) Life-Span Development. 14th Edition. Pg. 256).
Indulgent parenting is a way that certain parents raise their children. The parents are very active in their children’s lives, but the children have little to no rules. These children grow up in an environment to where they have a buddy relationship with their parents, instead of a child / parent relationship. Over the years, these children and the parents lose focus on their main objective when it comes to raising future citizens of the world. These children grow up selfish,