Background & Management Implications
Simran kaur Randhawa
Human Resource Management & Labor Relations
July 9, 2009
Executive Orders 2
Background & Management Implications
There are many Executive Orders that have been set in place to carry out specific actions directed by the President. In relation to the Equal Employment Opportunity Actions, we will focus on two specific Executive Orders. In order to give a full overview, we will break down the definition of the Executive Order to reveal the core directive of such an action. There is a unique difference that sets an Executive Order apart from the average law. The Executive Order is not a “law” set in place by the normal governmental procedure. It is essentially a directive by the President that allows the action to act as the equal benefits of a law without passing through congress. To better understand the Executive Orders, we will discuss the following topics: The background history of an Executive Order Executive Orders 11246 / 11375 Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs How does this Equal Opportunity Action affect Management?
The following assessment will address these issues and explain the direct effect it will have on management. Executive Orders 3
The background history of an Executive Order An executive order is an order issued by the President of United States. The President has the authority to establish an Executive Order as the chief executive through the Constitution. There have been numerous Executive Orders developed over time, many which have had significant impact on the government policies. The implementation of Executive Orders is an important way to guide the congressional agencies and offices with their operations, such as to establish the laws, which can be viewed as contrary to the congress. It is a positive development to make the policies operate efficiently. Generally Speaking, the Executive Orders are about national security directives and homeland security presidential directives. The first Executive Order was issued by George Washington in 1789; however, the Executive Orders weren’t documented until 1907. The Executive Order number 1 was issued by Abraham Lincoln. It was the Emancipation Proclamation. Now, there are more than 13,000 orders. Most of them are issued with the equal employment orders (for example 11246, 11375) at first, but with the development of the society, the orders are showing its diversification. There are some issued with the environmental orders (for example 12671, 12780) and more about the public concern (for example 11917, 11989). Most of them are the preeminence of politics.
Executive Orders 4
Executive Orders 11246 / 11375 The Executive Order 11246 was issued on 24, September, 1965 by President
Johnson. “The Executive Order prohibits federal contractors and federally-assisted construction contractors and subcontractors, who do over $10,000 in Government business in one year from discriminating in employment decisions on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. The Executive Order also requires Government contractors to take affirmative action to ensure that equal opportunity is provided in all aspects of their employment.” (United States Department of Labor, Employment and Standards,(July 8, 2009) http://www.dol.gov/esa/ofccp/regs/compliance/ca_11246.htm) Order 11246 focuses on the Equal Employment Opportunity. There are two parts of this order. First one is nondiscrimination in government employment, and the second one is nondiscrimination in employment by government contractors and subcontractors. Both of the 2 aspects were decided on the basis of race, color, religion and national origin. The Executive Order 11246 turned on a senior level of “Equal Employment Opportunity” on civil…